Great Scientists of the Renaissance

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by 19AMethena
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
Grade:
8

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Great Scientists of the Renaissance

Born on February 15, 1564 in Pisa, ItalyDied in Arcetri, Italy on January 8, 1642.

Great Scientists of the Renaissance

Copernicus

Galileo

Born on Febuary 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland.Died in Frombork on May 24, 1543

Nicolaus Copernicus's work is shown in his book, De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium, or On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. It states seven main ideas. These are:1. The distance between Earth and the sun is minature compared to that between Earth and the Stars.2. Earth's core isn't the center of the Universe.3.The universe doesn't have one center.4.The center of our universe is close to the sun (means our solar system).5. Earth rotates on an axis. This makes the stars appear as if they are moving.6. Changes of the sun's movement are due to the movement of Earth, not the sun.7. Planets sometimes appear to be moving backwards because we are on Earth, and Earth is following its orbit.

1609: Galileo makes his first telescope that he gives to the senate of Venice in exchange for a job at the University of Padua

Galileo's First Telescope

Early 1610 - Galileo discovers Jupiter's 4 largest moons

While in Florence, Galileo discovered that Venus has phases like the moon. This helped him prove Copernicus's idea of a sun centered universe because it showed that Venus revolved around the sun, not Earth.

Leonardo da Vinci

Portrait of Leonardo

Leonardo was born on April 24, 1452 in the foothills of Florenceand died in Cloux on May 2nd, 1519.

Leonardo made many great achievements in Art and Science.He worked a lot in military engineering, designing crossbows and catapults. In aerodynamics, Leonardo studied the way birds fly. Leonardo also achieved many acomplishments in Anatomy. He performed over 30 dissections and drew many sketches that are still considered acurate today.


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