Government Project

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Government Project

Individual Rights: A right given to an individual by the government, which preserves the individual's liberties as stated in the Constitution.

Katz v. United StatesOverruled the 1928 Supreme Court Case Olmstead v. United States . In it "a United States Supreme Court decision extended the Fourth Amendment protection from unreasonable search and seizure to protect individuals in a telephone booth from wiretaps by authorities without a warrant."

Important Vocabulary1. Second Amendment: Part of the Bill of Rights; the right to possess firearms2. Fourteenth Amendment: enumertes on the due process clause, as well as the substantive due process rights, such as parental and marriage rights3. Fourth Amendment: part of the Bill of Rights; protects against unreasonable search and seizures4. Fifth Amendment: part of the Bill of Rights; protects against government abuses and declares that no one will be deprived of "life, liberty, or property without due process of law

Olmstead v. United States"Is a 1928 opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States, in which the Court reviewed whether the use of wiretapped private telephone conversations, obtained by federal agents without judicial approval and subsequently used as evidence, constituted a violation of the defendant’s rights provided by the Fourth and Fifth Amendments. In a 5-4 decision, the Court held that neither the Fourth Amendment nor the Fifth Amendment rights of the defendant were violated."

Ferguson v. City of Charleston"Is a United States Supreme Court decision that found the Medical University of South Carolina's policy regarding involuntary drug testing of pregnant women to violate the Fourth Amendment."

Roe v. Wade"A landmark case decided by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion is one of the most controversial and politically significant cases in U.S. Supreme Court history....The Court rested these conclusions on a constitutional right to privacy emanating from the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, also known as substantive due process."

District of Columbia v. Heller"Is a landmark legal case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution protects an individual's right to possess a firearm for private use in federal enclaves. A ruling on states has yet to be made. It is the first Supreme Court case in United States history to directly address whether the right to keep and bear arms is a right of individuals in addition to a collective right that applies to state-regulated militias."


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