Gorongosa National Park

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Environmental Studies

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Gorongosa National Park

Gorongosa National Park

latitude and longitude18.7660° S, 34.5000° E

Mozambique, Africa

Links to Science Articles:Article 1Article 2

Keystone Species: ElephantThe elephant is a keystone species because it controls tree population by eating them and knocking them down. When the tree population is low it allows grasses to grow which provide food for herbivores such as antelope. Also, the grasses provide coverage when animals such as lions are stalking their prey.

-Producers: Brachystegia spiciformis Woodland, Widdringtonia nodiflora Forest, -Primary Consumers: Elephants, Hippos, Antelopes, Zebra-Secondary Consumers: White Stork, Glossy Ibis, Mount Gorongosa Pygmy Chameleon-Tertiary Consumers: Lions, Nile Crocodile

Climate: Gorongosa has wet and dry seasons. Dry season from April to October. Wet season from November to March.

-Abiotic Factors: Wind, bodies of water, sunlight, temperature, etc.-Soil-Geographic Features: Vanduzi River, Murombodzi Waterfall, Muche River, Lake Urema, Pungue River, Urema River, Barue Plateau, Great Rift Valley, and Cheringoma Plateau-Limiting Factors: prey composition ' abundance, genetics, disease, and human impacts-Threats to the park: Poahchers, major roadways surround the park

Site About National Park

Endangered Species: African Elephant

cool interactive food web

History of the Parks FormationIn 1920, Gorongosa was first established as a hunting reserve with just 1,000sq km. Fifteen years later the reserve expanded to 3, 200 sq km. In 1951 Chitengo camp was built, serving as the reserve headquarters. Gorongosa was officially named a national Park on July 23rd 1960; with 5,300 sq km. Aerial surveys happened in 1969 and 1976. After a civil conflict that took place from 1977 to 1992 the Park began to be rebuilt in 1994 to 1999.The Park was hoping to have an increase in wildlife since there was such a large decrease in 1994. Since it was rebuilt more buildings have been added, such as a Safari camp, education center, restaurant, and an animal sanctuary, Wildlife relocations began in August 2006 and since then have been taking place every so often. Recently the Park was featured in BBC Series “Africa”, creating an award winning documentary. Also, a biodiversity study took place, first Lion in Gorongosa National Park was satellite- collared, and Professor E.O. Wilson wrote about Mount Gorongosa for National Geographic Magazine.

Economic Impact of the ParkVisitation and tourism generates money for the Park. Also, jobs are created for the people living near and around the Park. Also, it attracts businesses and researchers such as National Geographic, BBC, and E.O Wilson.

BibliographyVermuelen, Jean-Paul. "Field Guide To Birds of Gorongosa National Park." (n.d.): n. pag. 2011. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.Gorongosa National Park, Like All Formally Protected Conservation Areas In Mozambique, Was, Strongly Compromised During The Independence War And The Subsequent Period Of Civil War. The, Carr Foundation Is Assisting The Mozambique Department Of National Parks (Dnffb) In Restoring The, and Park, So That It Again Becomes An Important Tourist Attraction And Vital Conservation Area. Vegetation Survey and Management Recommendation for Mount Gorongosa(n.d.): n. pag. Web. 12 Dec. 2014"Gorongosa Maps." EO Wilson Biodiversity Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. ."Climate ' Seasons." Gorongosa National Park. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. ."Wildlife." Gorongosa National Park. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. .


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