Golden Poison Frog

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by HHines20
Last updated 6 years ago


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Golden Poison Frog


Golden Poison Dart Frogs live at elevations of 328-656 ft above sea level in lowland rain forest with steep rocky terrain and where the forest is broken by a stream, and in an area that receives about 6 ft of rainfall annually. They prefer a temperature of about 80o F and a relative humidity of 80-90 percent. The places where they are located are south west coastal Columbia and South America.


Life Cycle

Sexual maturity of these frogs is based more on body size than age. Males are usually 1.5 in in length and females 1.6 in, lengths usually reached when the frogs are about 18 months old. Breeding occurs throughout the rainy season. The male sits on a leaf and calls a female with two trilling or buzzing calls, one lasting 6-7 seconds and the other 2-3 seconds. The attracted female and the male move to a moist area such as in a leaf litter or under rocks where she lays 8-28 gelatinous encased eggs that the male fertilizes as she lays them. The male visits the eggs to keep them moist but because of the wet environment, he does not need to moisten the eggs very often. It takes about two weeks for the eggs to hatch.


Golden poison adult frogs feed during the day mostly on insects they encounter on the rain forest floor. They eat flies, ants, beetles, spiders, mites, caterpillars, and maggots. Tadpoles eat whatever is available such as algae and microscopic plants, carrion, and even smaller tadpoles.

The adaptations for the Golden Poison Dart frog on land are the ability to use defence. The defending aspect of the frog is the poison in it and on it. The Golden Dart frog is capable of killing humans with their poison. The next adaptation is the ability to reproduce only on land. The areas where the frogs lay there eggs are always in moist places. The advantage for the frog reproducing on land leads to another adaptation. The adaptation is the ability to eat what the frogs need. The frogs need things like flies and beatles. Most bugs similar to these types listed, live in moist areas on land. The Golden Poison Dart frog does not have any adaptation for living in water. This frog simply does not have anything to do with water.

Adaptations On Land

Fun Facts

The "scientific name" for Golden Poison Dart frog is Phyllobates terribilis.Scientists believe that these frogs gain their poison from a specific arthropod and other insects that they eat in the wild.


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