Gods, Goddesses and Deities

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by MNINFINITY
Last updated 2 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
4,5,6

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Gods, Goddesses and Deities

Hathor

Ishtar

Heimdall

Neptune

Mah

Gods, Goddesses, and Deities

The Norse god of fire, who watches over Asgard, the stronghold of the gods. Heimdall lives on Himinbjörg (sky cliffs) and sits at the top of the Bifrost, a rainbow bridge that leads to Asgard. He is the son of Odin and nine mothers. He requres less sleep than a bird, has such amazing eyesight that he can see for hundreds of miles during day or night, and his hearing is so keen that he can hear grass growing on the ground and wool growing on a sheep.

Hathor was an Egyptian goddess and was called "Lady of Heaven". To the people in Dendera she was the goddess of fertility and childbirth, to Thebes she was the goddess of the dead, and the Greeks compared her to Aphrodite, who was the goddess of love. She is also the deity of happiness, music, and dance. She is portrayed by a cow, a woman with a cow head, or a woman with cow horns and a solar disk between them. In early mythology she is known as the mother of Horus, which made sense because her name meant, "House of Horus". It is said that all goddesses are forms of Hathor. One of her symbols is the Sistrum, a sacred percussion instrument.

sources**www.egyptianmyths.net/hathor.htm**http://norse-mythology.org/**https://www.britannica.com/topic/Ishtar-Mesopotamian-goddess**http://www.windows2universe.org/mythology/Definitions_gods/Neptune_def.html**http://www.pantheon.org/articles/m/mah.html

Neptune is the Roman god of the sea and god of horses. He is the brother of Jupiter and Pluto. He is the son of Saturn and Rhea. His symbol is either a trident or golden chariot, and the animals connected with him are bulls and horses. He is related to but not exactly like Poseidon. Along with his brothers he killed is father, who was known for eating his children. His wife was a water nymph named Amphitrite, daughter of Nereus and Doris. She at first refused to marry him, but he sent a dolphin to her and he persuaded her. As a gift of gratitude, Neptune granted the dolphin immortality by placing it in the sky and calling its consetellation Dolphinus. He had a reputation for having a violent anger, and his anger was shown through the earthquakes and tempests.

Ishtar was the Mesopotamian goddess of love and fertility. She was usually described as an evil woman whi had many lovers that she killed. She once attempted to make Gilgamesh her husband but he refused because of the amount lovers she had killed. She went to her father, Anu, and complained. He sent the bull of heaven after Gilgamesh, and he along with his friend Enkidu killed the bull and sent the head back to Ishtar as an insult. Ishtar then gave Enkidu a disease which killed him. Ishtar married a god named Tammuz, who later died. She went to the underworld to try and get him back but failed. Her symbol is a star with 6, 8, or 16 rays within a circle. She was also the protrectress of prostitutes and the patroness of the alehouse. In later mythology she is known as Queen of the Universe after taking on the powers of An, Enki, and Enlil.

Mah was the Persian goddess of the moon. She presides over tim and tide. She was also one of the Yazatas which are the deities who the hymns of the Zend- Avesta address. They are also guardians fo the celestial bodies and messengers of Ahura Mazda. She is associated with the cow who is an important figure in in Iranian Mythology. She is mentioned as one of the assistants of Vohu Manah. She has the seventh day of the week dedicated to her.


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