Gnostics and Gnosticism

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by Sccrgrl13
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies
Grade:
11

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Gnostics and Gnosticism

Gnosticism is a heresy which is made up of a diverse set of beliefs. It is the teaching based on the idea of gnosis (a Greek word meaning "secret knowledge") or knowledge of transcendence arrived by internal means. While Gnosticism relies on personal religious experience as its primary belief, early "Christian" Gnostics did adopt their own versions of authoritative Scriptures.

Gnostics

General Beliefs:-Matter/Materiality-God-Humanity-The Fall-Salvation-Jesus

and Gnosticism

EvilThey did not look upon the world as having been created perfectly and then having degenerated as a result of the sin of Adam and Eve. Rather the world was seen as being evil at the time of its origin, because it had been created by an inferior God.

DeityThe Supreme Father or Supreme God of Truth is unknowable and undetectable by human senses. She/he created a series of supernatural beings called Aeons. One of these was Sophia, a virgin, who gave birth to a defective, Creator-God, also known as the Demiurge. This lower God is sometimes called Yaldabaoth or Ialdabaoth Jaldabaoth. This is Jehovah, the God of the Hebrew Scriptures. He is portrayed as the creator of the earth and its life. He is viewed by Gnostics as very evil, jealous, rigid, lacking in compassion, and prone to genocide. The Demiurge thinks that he is supreme. His pride and incompetence have resulted in the state of the world as we know it, and the ignorant condition of most of mankind.

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By: Danielle Dixon

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