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Frogfish (Or the anglerfish, angler, or fishing frog.

Ya, a little closer.

They sit well camouflaged and without moving on sponges, wait in front of holes or hide between corals and wait for their prey to approach.


There are 48 frogfish species.(There might be more that havn't been found before.) Here are all so far: Allenichthys glauertiAntennarius analisAntennarius avalonisAntennarius bermudensisAntennarius biocellatusAntennarius coccineusAntennarius commersonAntennarius dorehensisAntennarius duescusAntennarius hispidusAntennarius indicusAntennarius maculatusAntennarius multiocellatusAntennarius nummiferAntennarius ocellatusAntennarius pardalisAntennarius pauciradiatusAntennarius pictusAntennarius radiosusAntennarius randalliAntennarius rosaceusAntennarius sanguineusAntennarius sarasaAntennarius scriptissimusAntennarius senegalensisAntennarius striatusAntennatus flagellatus Antennatus linearisAntennatus strigatusAntennatus tuberosusEchinophryne crassispinaEchinophryne mitchelliEchinophryne reynoldsiHistiophryne bougainvilliHistiophryne cryptacanthusHistiophryne psychedelicaHistiophryne spHistrio histrioKuiterichthys furcipilisLophiocharon hutchinsiLophiocharon lithinostomusLophiocharon trisignatusNudiantennarius subteresPhyllophryne scorteaRhycherus filamentosusRhycherus gloveriTathicarpus butleri

AppearanceSpots, stripes, fringe, whiskers, warts and tassels on prickly skin cryptically conceal frogfish from predators and help them ambush prey. With body shapes and colors very similar to corals and sponges in shades of yellow, cream, orange, red, green, brown and black, frogfish wait nearly invisible for prey to come to them. Most frogfish change color to match their surroundings over periods ranging from a few minutes to a few days.

Frogfish wriggle an illicium(The first dorsal spine of a frogfish which is modified into a fishing pole tipped with an esca or lure.) or a “fishing pole" tipped with a fleshy “lure" that sticks out of their forehead and hangs above their mouth to attract fish. There bulbous bodys allow them to swallow prey whole. Their food may even be larger than the frogfish’s body! Frogfish can open their large mouths at least twelve times their normal size. If a fish is longer then their body, they fold the prey fish up inside their expanding stomach. Projecting their mouth forward, frogfish suck in prey with such force that it only takes six-thousandths of a second. Other animals can’t even see an animal get eaten by the frogfish, making them unaware it’s even there.

HabitatMost frogfish live on protected coastal tidepools, lagoons, and coral reefs at depths of 3 feet (1 m) or less but can be found to depths of 250 feet (75 m). They hide among brightly colored corals, sponges and algae on the reef. They can also be found near mangroves in brackish water or even in freshwater areas.


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