Gifford, Alyssa

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by horningstudent737
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology
Grade:
8

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Gifford, Alyssa

Arthritis is inflammation or stiffness of the joints in one or more areas of the body. There are more than 100 different types.

Arthritis is in joints but can also affect the skin, lungs, heart, blood vessels, nerves and eyes as well as the joints. The average person is at greater risk of having problems secondary to arthritis than arthritis itself.  Skin (Integumentary): Arthritis causes a presence of reheumatoid nodules which are small lumps of soft tissue under the skin. Skin changes may also occur because of blood vessel inflammation. May include raised, painless, red to purple knots on the skin.  Lungs (Respiratory): As arthritis progresses, lung problems like shortness of breath, chest pain upon breathing and a dry cough may occur. This also causes not being able to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream.  Blood Vessels (Circulatory) & Nerves (Nervous): When arthritis damages the blood vessels (by becoming inflamed) that may also affect nerves, leading to loss of sensation or strength. Also can cause internal bleeding.  Eyes: Arhtritis also affects the eyes causing redness, pain and sometimes loss of vision. On top of that, thyroid gland problems and salivary gland inflammation, due to arthritis, can result in dry eyes, dry mouth and increased destruction of certain types of blood cells.

ArthritisBy Alyssa Gifford

People of all ages, sexes and races can get arthritis. Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in the U.S. Nearly 53 million adults and 300,000 kids have have arthritis. Women, overweight people and adults over 65 are more common to get arthritis but it can also develop in children or teens. Arthritis can also be found in dogs and animals.

Treatment:-Medications -Non-Pharmacological therapy-Physical or Occupational therapy -Splints or joint assistive aids -Patient education and support -Weight loss-Surgery: joint replacement and joint surgery

Symptoms can come and go and be mild, moderate or severe.Symptoms include:-Pain: pain can be constant or on and off. It also can be in one or many places.-Swelling: some types of arthritis cause the skin over the affected joint to become red and swollen, feeling warm to the touch.- Stiffness: a typical symptom; especially when waking up in the morning or after sitting for too long.-Difficulty moving a joint: moving a joint is painful or hard.

There is more than one cause for arthritis. Causes depend on the type of arthritis. Some causes include: -Injury-Abnormal metabolism -Inheritance -Infections -Overactive immune system -Reduction of cartilage tissueMostly all arthritis cases is the combination of many factors working together.

Arthritis is in joints such as the back, neck, shoulders, elbows, wrists, hands, fingers, hips, knees, ankles, feet, heels, and toes.

The major organs affected by arthritis are the bones and cartilage in the skeletal system.


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