German Nationalism and Unification

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Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
9

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German Nationalism and Unification

Seven Weeks WarOtto Von Bismarck purposely stirred up border conflicts with Austria. Tensions caused Austria to declare war on Prussia. The war was over quickly as Prussia was humiliated.

Significance to Modern WorldAlthough a very tragic event, without the occurrence of WWI, Germany may have been left unchecked.This would cause a serious issue as it could have led to events more tragic than the holocaust. Also, the KDF Wagen's development furthered technology and the automotive industry. Industrialization improved, improving trading as well, and many new countries are now set up as they are today because of these events.

Economic and Cultural Unity There were economic alliance between some of the German states.The Zollverein, or customs union, allowed for the removal of tariffs, or taxes, on products traded between the German states. They inspired business people to support unification and encouraged the growth of railroads connecting the German states. They also helped join Germans economically, if not yet politically, to each other.As the German economy was growing, the sense of a distinctly German culture was growing too.

Revolution in PrussiaGerman liberals in the state of Prussia also took the opportunity to revoltThey agreed that German unity would promote individual rights and liberal reforms

KDF WagenHitler believed that all people should be able to own a car and additionally thought that a smart design could allow for reliability, enjoyment, and vacation travel. He told people to put away some money each week, and in two years they would be able to buy the wagen. However, as soon as the people gathered their money, Hitler took their money to put it towards his war effort.

The Empire’s Growth and Changeafter unification Germany experienced a time of economic growthafter unification, Bismarck did not want to expand Germany’s borders any further

Unification and Empire•with two short wars, Bismarck moved Austria out of the way and established a unified German Empire.•proclaimed Wilhelm I the first kaiser, or emperor, of the German Empire.•German victory also significantly changed the balance of power in Europe.

Otto Von Bismarck•Otto von Bismarck, a conservative and a politician, was the leading force behind German unification.•believed that it was Prussia’s destiny to lead the German people to unification.•argued that German unity would not be won by speeches and majority vote but by “blood and iron.”•built the Prussian army into a great war machine, one that could use force to unite Germany

Causes of Unification and Nationalism:1. The Revolution of 18482. The Promise of Reforms3. The Zollverein

IndustrializationPrussia became the most industrialized state in Germany and was producing more coal and oil. This alowed them to make more trains and roads to allow for even more trade. Prussia's economic alliance with German states alllowed them to trade easily. This increased Germany's economic power and made people feel like their country was one of the best and an essential part of a network of trade.

Nationalism: devotion and loyalty to one's own country; patriotismUnification: the process of being united or made into a whole

Nationalist LiberalsThese liberals led the call for unification and replaced the old rulers with a liberal representative government. They were trying to improve the way people lived so they would be further dedicated to their country.

German Nationalism and Unification

By: Kaila Rowe


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