Georgia's Five Regions

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by twinrivers2004
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies

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Georgia's Five Regions

Coastal PlainThis region of Georgia is known for its flatlands, marshes and swamps. Soil here consists of sand and clay. The famous Okefenokee Swamp is located in this region of Georgia. This area of land covers the southern and southeastern half of Georgia and is the largest region in the state. Cities such as Bloomingdale and Eastman are located in this region. Industry here includes pecans, peaches, paper, lumber, and pulp.

PiedmontThe Piedmont region is a hilly part of Georgia. It's located between the far northern mountains and the flat southern plains. This region is known for its red clay hills.Lawrenceville is located here, and so is the city of Atlanta.Stone mountain is the largest exposed mass of granite in the world and attracts thousands of visitors every year. Land use is agricultural; cotton, wheat, and soybeans are grown here.

Appalachian PlateauThe Appalachian Plateau is located in the north west corner of Georgia. It extends from New York all the way down to Georgia. It is the western border of the Appalachian mountains and is Georgia's smallest region. It consists of narrow valleys and wooded ridges. The soil here is thin and acidic. Land use includes mining for coal, limestone, aggregate, and ironstone. Two cities located here are Trenton and Fort Oglethorpe.

Blue RidgeThe Blue Ridge region is found in northeastern Georgia, north of the Piedmont. The highest mountain peak in Georgia is located in the Blue Ridge Mountains: Brasstown Bald. The cities Blue Ridge and Dahlonega are found here. Soil is fertile, but thin, meaning it's vulnerable to erosion. Vegetables and other crops are grown in this area, and marble is mined here as well.

Valley and RidgeThis region occupies only a small part of the state; it's located in the northwest corner of Georgia, between the Appalachian and the Blue Ridge regions. It's heavily forested and has steep river valleys. Lumber brings in a large percentage of the money here. This area was once covered with water around 400 million years ago, and ancient fossils lie within the sedimentary rocks. Cities Ellijay and Fairmount are in this region.

Georgia's Five Regions

Fall LineThe Fall Line is the natural boundary that divides the Piedmont region from the Coastal Plains region. It's known as the Fall Line because there are numerous water falls here where the terrain gets steep. These were locations for materials to come together to be shipped by boat. These shipping points eventually grew into towns and cities. Cities Columbus and Augusta are located along the fall line.


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