George Washington Carver

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Historical biographies
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George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver's exact birthday is unknown but he was born in 1864 in Diamond, Missouri. His parents, Mary and Giles, were slaves and had many children. They lived on a farm and worked for Moses Carver. A week after he was born raiders kidnapped him, his sister, and his mother. They were sold in Kentucky, and only infant George was found and brought back to the farm. When his brother, James, and him were growing up Susan Carver educated them, because no schools would except their race.

Early Life

He loved learning. He got his high school diploma from Minneapolis High School in Minneapolis, Kansas. He applied to Highland college in Highland Kansas, but was not excepted because of his race. He started art classes at Simpson College in Iowa then inrolled in the botiny program At Iowa State University. He developed a passion for botiny while there.

Career

After graduating Iowa State he persuded a career in teaching and research. He was hired by Brooker T. Washington, the principal of the African American Tuskegee Institute, in 1896 to run the agricultural department there. The department thrived under Carver's watch. Research included methods of crop rotation and alternative crash crops for farmers. In addition to his career he would also give farmers lessons in his free time.

He developed new uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, soybeans, and pecans. He developed hundreds of products, including paints, plastics, dyes, and a type of gasoline. In 1916 he was made a member of British Royalty Society of Arts, a huge honor. From 1920-1922 Carver fought for the wide potential of the use of peanuts. Carver toured from 1923-1933 to teach people about science.

Death

Carver died on January 5, 1943 at the age of 78. He fell down the stairs in his home. Carver was buried next to Brooker T. Washington on the Tuskegee grounds. He could have had fortune and fame, but found more happiness in helping the world and other people.

Legacy

Carver was always rembered. His savings was used to build a museum dedicated to his work, but it burnt down in 1947. There was also a George Washington Carver foundation at Tuskegee supporting future agricultural research. In 1943 president FDR dedicated $30,000 to building a monument West of Diamond, Missouri. This is where Carver grew up. This was the first national monument dedicated to an African American.

Carver appeared on a U.S. postage stamp from 1948- 1998. He will always be rembered through these and many other accomplishments.

Source:Biography.com


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