George Orwell

In Glogpedia

by sjyeg8ukw
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Language Arts
Subject:
Writers Biographies

Toggle fullscreen Print glog
George Orwell

George Orwell, A Biography

George Orwell

Early LifeEric Arthur Blair was born on June 25, 1903, in Motihari, British India, to Richard Walmesley and Ida Mabel Blair. When he was one year old, Blair moved with his mother and sisters to England, where he was educated at two of the nation's finest schools: St. Cyprian’s and Eton. Although he was a gifted young man, Blair faced many social challenges as a scholarship student amongst the wealthy elite. His experiences inspired many of his later works including "Such, Such Were the Joys".

Eric Arthur Blair, more commonly recognized by his pen name George Orwell, was a celebrated British journalist and author best known for “1984", "Animal Farm" and "Homage to Catalonia". His novels and essays have been subject to critical acclaim and in 2008, "The Times" ranked him as the second greatest British writer since 1945.

Quest to Authorhood

St. Cyprian's

Orwell in Burma

A Career in WritingAfter Eton, Blair travelled to Burma where he served the Indian Imperial Police until 1927, before returning to England to pursue a career in writing. In 1928, he moved to Paris, but found little success as a writer and was forced to do odd jobs. Blair eventually returned to England for a job in teaching, during which he published his first book, "Down and Out in Paris and London" under his pen name George Orwell (named after River Orwell). In the book, he described his experiences living in Paris.

Orwell at the BBC

A LegacyEventually, Orwell quit his teaching job to become a full time writer. His works were diverse and included commissioned biographies and personal war accounts. In 1943, he also took a job as editor for the left-winged magazine "The Tribune". Publishing "Animal Farm" in 1945 and "1984" four years later earned the already well known author a whole new level of fame. Unfortunately, at this time Orwell's health was on the decline and on January 21, 1950, he died of tuberculosis.

Much of Orwell's work is marked by an awareness of social justice and opposition to totalitarianism. As a supporter of democratic socialism, Orwell incorporates his beliefs into his books and essays as underlying themes or messages. For instance, Orwell inspires opposition towards totalitarianism by depicting how the ruling party in "1984" oppresses its citizens. By showing people suffering, Orwell makes readers aware of the dire conditions faced by those living under similar governments.

Inspiration

Orwell's writing is characterized by its clear and precise language. It lacks vague sentences, which Orwell believed were tools of political manipulation, and was governed by five golden rules. He outlines these rules in his essay "Politics and the English Language":- Never use a commonly used metaphor or simile- Never use long words where short words would do- If it's possible to cut out a word, always do so- Never use the passive where the active can be used - Never use a foreign phrase, scientific word or jargon when an everyday English equivalent is available

Style

"Animal Farm" (1945)After being forced to flee from Spain in fear of Soviet-backed communists, Orwell became an anti-Stalinist for life. His contempt inspired him to write "Animal Farm", a political novel set in an imaginary barnyard. The book is based on Stalin’s rise to power, corruption, oppression and betrayal of the Russian people. Although the novel's publication stirred some controversy, “Animal Farm" was received well by both critics and readers alike. The following trailer corresponds to one of its two movie adaptations.

Best Work


Comments

    There are no comments for this Glog.