Genocide

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by YuiKakegawa
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
History

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Genocide

Genocide

United Nations

Million Voices from the Hotel Rwanda soundtrack

What is Genocide?Genocide is the mass murder of a large group of people, based on race, ethnicity, religion, or nationality. It mainly occurs when hatred towards another group turns into the want to eradicate them.

As shown in Hotel Rwanda, the Hutu Power Radio was an efficient tool for propaganda, where Hutus were instructed to kill the Tutsi cockroaches, or "cut down the tall trees."

The countless machetes used during the genocide

BackgroundWhen Rwanda was a Belgian colony, the Tutsi minority, taller and with fairer skin, were put in high positions. The Hutu majority resented this, and with the death of President Habyarimana on April 6, 1994, the Hutus announced that Kigali must be cleansed of all Tutsis. Almost a million people were killed in the short period of a hundred days, in what is considered the most efficient genocide in history.

Hotel Rwanda is based on a true story of a hotel manager, Paul Rusesabagina, a Hutu, who hides over 1,000 Tutsi and Hutu refugees in his hotel, the Mille Colines. Using bribes and pleads, he successfully helps his family and even strangers to safety.

Paul Rusesabagina

My thoughts from Hotel Rwanda

Rwandan Genocide

The United Nations received many criticisms in its action, or the lack of it, in Rwanda. The UN ignored warnings and calls for help, and when the killings did start, they decided to remove their peacekeeping forces, leaving only 450 soldiers who could only "maintain order". The international community was reluctant towards calling the atrocities in Rwanda a "genocide," because under the Genocide Convention they would have to intervene and stop the violence. Kofi Annan, who was the Head of the UN Department for Peace keeping at the time, states the Rwandan Genocide as one of the UN's biggest failures, and regrets the lack of action taken by the UN and its member states.

Responsibility to Protect

Repsonsibility to Protect, or R2P, is the notion of international security and human rights to protect human lives and preventing large-scale massacres or genocides. The Rwandan genocide shocked everyone, and it provided a reason to emphasize the “responsibility to protect,” as to not let anything like that happen again. It is a legacy of Rwanda, since it helped to provide a better way for the international community to discuss issues and deal with them.

If genocide cannot make us move, then what could move us?-Kofi Annan


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