Gandhi's Salt March

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Gandhi's Salt March

Gandhi's Salt March

Mohandas Gandhi Born on October 2, 1869 in India. The founder of the notion of non violent resistance, that Gandhi called Satyagraha, which means "streadfastness in truth". He leads The Salt March.

MOTIVES FOR A MARCHDuring the time of Gandhi, India was under British rule, due to imperialism. One of the laws of the British was that all Indians buy salt from the government, and they restricted citizens from making or collecting their own salt, which previously was free. This salt tax made it illegal to sell or produce salt, allowing the British to have control over a vital part of their host countries culture (salt was a main part of Indian meals). Also the British Prime Minister in India earned more than 90 times more in salary than the average Indian citizen, causing disregard and boubt in the thoughts of the Indians.

THE MARCH On march 12, 1930, Gadhi and 78 Satyagrahis, which are "activists of truth and resolution" started the 23 day journey. Their plan was to take a 240 mile march from Sabarmati to Dandi, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. Along the way they would call it a Padyatra (a long spiritual march). This name not only made it more understandable to the peaceful public, but also gained more supporters. Every village or town the marchers passed, Gandhi spoke to, and gave speaches on their cause, gaining more supporters every step of the way. As they marched the roads were watered, and fresh fowers and green leaves were put on their path as they sung their way to the Indian Ocean.

"Those who live in England, far away from the East, have now got to realize that Europe has completely lost her formal prestige in Asia" - Rabindranath Tagore from Manchester Guardian, describing the campaign's transformative impact.

"I cannot intentionally hurt anything that lives, much less fellow human beings, even though they may do the greatest wrong to me and mine. Whilst, therefore, I hold the British rule to be a curse, I do not intend harm to a single Englishman or to any legitimat interest he may have in India," - Gandhi

THE STARTAfter the British had limitted the basic rights of the Indians, Gandhi decides that the moment is right for civil disobedience. Gandhi was put into the possition to make a plan for the supporters. He realized that in order to gain the support of his fellow country men he had to think of a plan that was appealing and doable for the lower classes. The greater he attracted the majority of Indians, the greater the chance of broadening the movement and winning. His idea was that they march to the sea to make salt themselves in defiance of the Salt Act. Before they set out on the protest, Gandhi sent a letter to the viceroy, a leader in India, to warn him of their soon to come act of disobedience.

REACHING THE DESTINATION Three and a half weeks after they departed, Gandhi and more than 12,000 followers reached the coast of the Indian Ocean. After prayers were ofered up, Gandhi gave a speach to the lard crowd that had traveled with him. He then walked up to a mud flat where natural sea salt had formed and scooped up a handful, causing the protesters to do the same, all breaking the law.

RESULTSA month later Gandhi and many of the protesters with him were brought to jail, which were overflowing at the time. The Salt March started a series of protests closing many British shops and facilities. The British Government agreed to call a conference in London to negotiate India's plea for independence. The Salt March can be seen as having a big impact, or as accomplishing nothing. Some were diappointed that it only effected a few small problems that were considered minute for such a big ordeal. Others think that it was the paved pathway to gaining India it's independence.

"On bended knees I asked for bread and I have received stone instead," -Gandhi

Gandhi and protesters marching

short clip of footage from Gandhi's Salt March

Handful of natural sea salt

The watered path with flowers and green leaves


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