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Social Studies
Historical biographies

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, widely known as Mahatma Gandhi, is considered to be the father of the Indian independance movement. He was a anti-war activist. Gandhi was born on October 2nd, 1869 in Probandar, India.His father's name was Karamchand and his mother's name was Putlibai. When he was 13, Gandhi married Katsurba in an arranged child mariage. They later had four children, Harilal,Manilal,Ramdas and Devdas. Gandhi attended middle school in Probandar and high school in Rajkot. He later got accepted, with a bit of difficulty, into Samaldas college in Bhavnagar.


Gandhi was a very fair person. He believed that violence is never the way to solve anything. After college, Gandhi decided to go overseas to London, England and study law, but after a year, he wasn't so successful. He took an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa, to become his legal adviser. He spent 20 years in South Africa fighting injustices. It is there that he created a peaceful way of protesting called satyagraha. Gandhi then moved to India to help the Indian people gain independance from the British. He worked together with the common people and protested, in an non-violent way, against the British rule and customs.

During World War 1, Gandhi recruited Indian people for the War effort. However, in World War 2 he refused to recruit his people for the freedom of other countries when India's was refused. After years of working towards independence for India, Gandhi finally achieved his goal on August 15, 1947, when India was declared free from British rule.

On 30th January, 1947 Mahatma Gandhi was shot while walking to a prayer meeting in Birla house, New Delhi, India. He was assasinated by a man who had links to the extremist Hindu Mahasabha. Gandhi once said "Be the change you wish to see in the world",and although Gandhi died his beliefs will always live in the hearts of the people.

Gandhi also believed in the rights of women. He opposed child marriage, untouchability, and extreme oppression of Hindu widows.

Bibliography:Sites I used:• • .html • dhi.html • • • Movie: • Gandhi (1982)


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