Future manned missions to Mars

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Future manned missions to Mars

Future manned missions to Mars

Mars & The Effect on the Human body

The Body would start to adapt to no gravity, during the journey to Mars. This could create problems such as muscle atrophy, osteoporosis, negative effects on a person's balance, and cardiovascular system, but through time the body will get used to it. Once the crew lands on Mars, since they were adapted to no gravity, will have some trouble standing and walking on Mars. There would also be physiological effects on Mars. The crew wouldn't be able to have a direct conversation with family or friends due to how far Mars is. It would take 3-22 minutes for the signal to reach Earth. This may change the way the crew look at themselves. Within weeks they would become Martians and they would view themselves as a separate entity from Earthlings. This was proven by the psychological isolation experiment Mars-500. Some other threats that pose to settlers on Mars would be it's gian tornadoes. 10 times larger than Earth's tornadoes. Settlers would be exposed to some radiation, would would be dangerous to the Human body. Humans on mars would need to wear their suits while outside at all times. When they are inside, it will need to be pressurized properly, because the pressure on mars can make blood boil, and kill a person. Humans would need to be properly prepared to be able to survive on Mars.

On March 21st President Donald Trump issued a Mandate for NASA to get people on Mars by 2033. NASA will have five stages to the manned mission to Mars. We are currently at stage 0, conducting tests on the International Space station and developing partnerships with private space companies.  Stage 1 will span from 2018- 2025. Stage 1 includes the launch and testing of 6 SLS rockets. These rockets will deliver components of the Deep Space Gateway (DPG) a new space station built near the moon to serve astronauts going to mars. In stage 2 NASA  will launch the Deep space transport (DST) tube towards the DPG in 2027 and 2028 or 2029. Astronauts will live in the tube for 400 days. In 2030 ,Phase 3, the DST will be restocked with supplies using the SLS rockets. Phase 4 will be the trip itself, which is scheduled to launch in 2033. The challenge would be to complete this mission within the budget. The budget is currently 0.5% of the total U.S. budget. Another challenge would be to keep the astronauts healthy without any mental or physical problems, and for them to return home safely. The video below shows how a rocket for Mars would most likely be launched.

The Ceo of Space X Elon musk presented an updated version of the BFR The BFR will replace the Falcon 9, Falcon heavy, and Dragon. This  vehicle would be the most efficient and affordable way that would service the greater Earth orbit, The Moon, and Mars.  With the help of the BFR Space X is planning to send its first cargo mission to Mars in 2022.The goal of this mission would be to confirm water resources and to identify hazards with putting initial power, mining, and life support infrastructure. The next mission with more cargo, and astronauts would be launched in 2024. The main goal of this mission would be to establish a space station on Mars and prepare for future crew flights. Eventually Elon Musk plans to make this a thriving self-sustaining city on Mars. The BFR would enter the Martian atmosphere at 7.5 Km per second, and it will decelerate aerodynamically. The BFR will not only be used for Mars missions, but it will also be used for Earth to Earth transportation. This will reduce travel time dramatically. London to Hong Kong is an 11 hour 50 minute flight, With the BFR this trip would only take 34 minutes.

NASA's Mission to Mars

SPACE X's Mission to Mars

Possible Mars vehicle

Elon Musk's vision of a Mars colony

Possible Mars space suit

NASA Rocket Launch

Space X Rocket Launch

Humans on Mars video

Works cited “How Will Living On Mars Affects Our Human Body?” Space Safety Magazine, 25 Sept. 2014, www.spacesafetymagazine.com/space-exploration/mars-mission/earthlings-martians-living-red-planet-affect-human-bodies/.“It's Official. Humans Are Going to Mars. NASA Has Unveiled Their Mission.” Futurism, Futurism, 28 Apr. 2017, futurism.com/its-official-humans-are-going-to-mars-nasa-has-unveiled-their-mission/.Spacex Cmsadmin. “Mars.” SpaceX, SpaceX, 20 Sept. 2016, www.spacex.com/mars.

By Danish Yar


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