Fugitive Slave Act

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by DisWendyKim
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
10

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Fugitive Slave Act

The Fugitive Slave Act was proposed due to track fugitive slaves who had escape to northern states, to capture them, and to return them to their owners. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 was to provide a jurisdiction of enforcing the constitutional clause to escaped slaves. Later the widespread resistance to the 1793 law led to the passage of Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which was an important part of the Compromise of 1850, to get southerners to sign up, was caused to strengthen the fugitive slave law of southerners. In contrast, the northerners agreed on proposing this act to respect the Constitution’s fugitive slave clause, and to preserve the Union by obliging the anger of south over the issue of Fugitive Slave Act.

The 1850 Fugitive Slave Act was passed on September 18, 1850.

Due to the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Act was even stricter than before by adding further provisions including runaways and harsher punishment for disturbing during their capture. The fugitive slave cases were put under the authority of the United States Federal Government. However, the slaves were treated terribly. They were brutally beaten and whipped. This issue of Fugitive Slave Act :- Increased the tension between North and South.- Was significant since it helped to create legendary abolitionists and anti-slavery people such as Frederick Douglas or Henry Highland Garnet. - People saw African American men, women, children, and freed ones dragged by chains with those expressions of emptiness. This convinced many people to see the evilness of the slavery. - Later, this build-up of support for the abolitionists’ eventually infuriated the South.

The Fugitive Slave Act most likely favored the Southern side than the Northern side, since the act strengthened the power of slavery of South. However, this result led to the Northern passing the “Personal Liberty” law, which supported the blacks to be in jury when they were accused for being recapture, and kidnapping offense. By the middle of nineteenth century, the tension of the issue of slavery increases between the North and the South. Since Southern agriculture greatly depended on the slavery, the slavery played significant role in Southern life. The Northerners were concerned that the slavery, which they opposed, since they thought that was against the economic, political, ideological conflict, would lead into a civil war between the two sides. This tension eventually increases until they get to the point of limit, which would lead into a civil war between the two sides.

Citations

"Document Based Questions (DBQs)." DBQs. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2015. .LeFrancois, Arthur G. "Fugitive Slave Acts (1793, 1850)." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2004. Web. 04 May 2015. ."Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860History." History. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2015. ."The Fugitive Slave Act 1850." Causesofthecivilwar -. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2015.

Date of Event

Fugitive Slave ActBy. Juyeon & Wendy

Causes

Effects

"I confess I hate to see the poor creatures hunted down... but I bite my lip and keep quiet." Abraham Lincoln

Analysis

Quote

This is Anthony Burns, who was arrested and was put to a trial in Boston under the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850, than he incited riots and protests by white and black abolitionists and citizens of Boston in 1854. He escaped from Richmond, Virginia, but was captured and was imprisoned in Boston.After his imprisonment, the abolitionists were able to raise enough money to purchase Burns’ freedom.

Harriet Beecher Stowe is an author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which is her first novel written in 1851 and then in book form in 1852.This book infuriated Southerners because it was about the cruelties of slavery-especially the separation of family members- and brought acclaim to Stow.After this, Stow traveled throughout the United States and Europe, speaking against slavery.And she reported President Lincoln, he remarked, “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made this Great War.”


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