Fritz Haber

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by juanitaangarita
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
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Subject:
Scientific Biographies
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Fritz Haber

Fritz Haber

Extra Facts!Haber, along side Max Born, proposed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluating the lattice energy of an ionic solid. He got recognition for his research in electrochemistry and thermodynamics. He also authored several books from his research.

Haber's Education #1Haber attened primary school at the Johanneum School, a "simultaneous school' open equally to Catholiic, Protestant, and Jewish students. He successfully passed his examinations at the St.Elizabeth HIgh School in Breslav in Sept. 1886. He studied chemstry at the Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin (today the Humboldt University of Berlin), with the director of the Institute for Chemistry, A. W. Hofmann.

Haber's ResearchIn 1905 Fritz Haber reached an objective long sought by chemists-that of fixing nitrogen from air. Using high pressure and a catalyst, he directly reacted nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas to create ammonia.

Impact in ScienceThe Haber process is still the best process we have to create nitrogen compounds. The ammonia it creates can be oxidized into nitrogen tetroxide, which is an important fuel for use in navigating interplanetary spaceships.

Extra FactsIn 1918 he received the Nobel prize in Chemistry for his invention, together with Carl Bosch, of a practical process for the synthesis of ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen gases.

Haber's Early life/FamiluHaber was born December 9, 1868 in Wroclaw, Poland. He was born into a Jewish family. His parents were Siegfried nd Paula Haber. At his birth, Paula Haber died. Later, his dad met and married Hedwig Hamburger.

Haber's DiscoveryThe process was soon scaled up by BASF's great chemist and engineer Carl Bosch-hence the name "Haber-Bosch" process. The nitric acid produced from the ammonia was then used to manufacture agricultural fertilizers as well as explosives.

Haber's Education #2Haber was disappointed by his initial winter semester (1886-1887) in Berlin, and arranged to attend the University of Heidelberg for the summer semester of 1887, where he studied under Robert Bunsen.He then returned to Berlin, to the Technical College of Charlottenburg (today the Technical University of Berlin).In the summer of 1889 he left university to perform a legally required year of voluntary service in the Sixth Field Artillery Regiment.Upon its completion, he returned to Charlottenburg where he became a student of Carl Liebermann.

Haber's Family#1Haber married Clara Immerwahr on August 3, 1901. They met in Breslau in 1889, while Haber was serving his required year in the military. Clara was the daughter of a chemist who owned a sugar factory, and the first woman to earn a PhD at the University of Breslau. Their son Hermann was born on June !, 1902. On May 2, !915 she died.

Haber's Family#2Haber married his second wife, Charlotte Nathan, on October 25, 1917 in Berlin. The couple had two children, Eva-Charlotte and Ludwig-Fritz ('Lutz'). But, there were some problems, and they got devorced.


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