by Kwb1221
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The final stage really foucses of the genitals.The sexual desire begins to resurface. Direct sexual feelings towards others lead to sexual gratification.Through the lessons learned during the previous stages, adolescents direct their sexual urges onto opposite sex peers, with the primary focus of pleasure is the genitals.

Basic strengths are drive and hope. If we experiance love and care from our mothers then we will learn to trust that life is basically okay and have basic confidence in the future. If we fail to experience trust and are constantly frustrated because our needs are not met, we may end up with a deep-seated feeling of worthlessness and a mistrust of the world in general.

Focuses on pleasure by getting rid of and retaining feces. Society at this point teaches potty training. This person who has to much/ little may result in an obsession with cleanliness, perfection, and control (anal retentive). On the opposite end of the spectrum, they may become messy and disorganized (anal expulsive).

In this stage the child is focused on oral plaesures. Such as: Sucking, Biting, and Swollowing.Conflict: Too much/little gratification can result in an Oral fixation on the pleasures.Outcome: May be more likely to smoke, drink alcohol, over eat, or bite his or her nails. Also may become dependent upon others, gullible, and perpetual followers. Or they may also fight these urges and develop pessimism and aggression toward others.

This stage focuses on the genitals of male (Oedipus) and females (Electra).It is to be believed that in this stage the male has a sexual fixation on his mother, while females have a sexual fixation for their fathers.By the male following his father the boy develops masculine characteristics and identifies himself as a male, and represses his sexual feelings toward his mother. This could result in sexual deviancies and weak or confused sexual identity according to psychoanalysts.

In this stage sexual urges are outletted into sports and hobbies. Same-sex friends also help avoid sexual feelings.The latency stage is the period of relative calm. The sexual and aggressive drives are less active and there is little in the way of psychosexual conflict.

Stage Theorists: Development

Oral Stage - Ages: 0-2

Phallic Stage - Ages 4-5

Anal Stage - Ages: 2-4

Latency Stage - Ages: 6-Puberty

Genital Stage - Ages Puberty & Onward

Trust vs. Mistrust - Birth to 18 Months

Basic Strengths are self-control, courage, and will. Here we have the opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as we gain more control over our bodies and acquire new skills, learning right from wrong. It is also during this stage, however, that we can be very vulnerable. If we're shamed in the process of toilet training or in learning other important skills, we may feel great shame and doubt of our capabilities and suffer low self-esteem as a result.

Autonomy vs. Shame - 18 Months to 3

Basic strength is purpose. During this period we experience a desire to copy the adults around us and take initiative in creating play situations. This is when we begin to ask "why" about life. We get frustrated over natural desires and goals, we may easily experience guilt.

Initiative vs. Guilt - 3-5

Basic Strengths are method and competence. In this stage we are capable of learning, creating and accomplishing new skills and knowledge; developing a sense of industry. We also develope and if we experience unresolved feelings of inadequacy and inferiority among our peers, we can have serious problems in terms of competence and self-esteem.

Industry vs. Inferiority - 6-12

In this stage we attempt to find our own identity, struggle with peers, and deal with moral issues. If we fail to find our identity then we become confused and lost about our path in life.

Identity vs. Role Confusion - 12-18

During this stage we try to find intimacy. We want to start a family and experiance true love. If we do not reach this we experiance isolation. Which causes us to be distant from others and not want human interaction.Isolation can cause people to be irritated by others and aggressive.

Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation18-35

This is our middle-age stage and Erikson finds it most crucial. We want to care of others and production of something that contributes to the betterment of society. Generativity: In this we fear inactivity and meaninglessness. Our childern leave and we go through mid-life crises. If we cant reach our goal we become stagnate.

Generativity vs. Stagnation - 35-65

As older adults we experiance intergrity. We can look back on our lives with happiness and are content, feeling fulfilled with a deep sense that life has meaning and we've made a contribution to life. On the other habnd some adults may reach this stage and despair. They may question their whole life before death and never be satisfied byu their contributions to society.

Integrity vs. Despair - 65 to Death


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