French Revolution

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Social Studies
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French Revolution

French Revolution

Time Line

May 5, 1789

King Louis XVI calls the Estates General

1/3 of France's population is poor, and France is going through a tough winter and financial crisis. This doesn't stop King Louis from spending large amount of the countries for the American colonies and Marie Antoinettes expensive taste. With the economy almost collasping, King Louis XVI calls the Estates General that haven't met for a meeting since 1614

Before the Revolution, France never had a code of laws, just a lot of legal systems. Napoleon was the first to set up a code of laws, and these laws kept with equality for every man, but not so much for the women. Especially in divorce, this was also known as the Civil Code.

The limited monarchy basically took most of the kings power but he was still king. The assembly of 745 rich men over 25 years old made the rules now

5 September 1793 – 28 July 1794

Robespierre's Reign of Terror

20 June 1789

The Tennis Court Oath

November 9–10, 1799

21 March 1804

Napoleon’s coup de’tate’ of the French gov't

Napoleonic Code of Law established

The Kings death made royalty from surrounding countries very angry, and the French thought they would all join together to end the revolution. So the National Convention gave power to the Commitee of Public Safety that was supposed to rid of possible threats to the revolution by execution. Roughly 40,000 people were killed included Marie Antoinette.

The Empire began its downfall with Russia invading, Napoleon gathered a huge army & went out to invade Russia. The Russians didn't fight, they retreated and the French "won" but the army was weak. Napoleon was sent to exhile and King Louis XVI's brother restored the monarchy. Napoleon came back, got an army, and went to Belgium and fought a British and Prussian army, the loss was bloody

Battle of Waterloo

The National Assembly adopts the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen"

The Constitution of 1791 sets up a limited constitutional monarchy in France

The Legislative Assembly declares war on Austria

Louis XVI is executed

June 18, 1815

26 August 1789


April 20, 1792

January 21, 1793

Wanting to end fuedalism, The National Assembly adopted this Declaration that had a Enlightened way of life, every man was to be treated equal. This new declaration was also inspired by the American Declaration of Independence and the English Bill of Rights

The Estates General meeting consisted of 3 estates, the 3rd had the most men, mainly lawyers and they were in favor of the people of France. The voting was unfair, because each estate had one vote. The 3rd estate wanting to change the voting system so they could have a chance to have a majority, but the King refused. They called themselves the National Assemby, drafted a new constituion and by the time of the next meeting, they were locked out. They continued to have their meetings in Versailles Tennis court

Surrounding European countries were afraid the revolution would spread, and since Marie Antoinette was from Austria and some of her extended family successfully sneaked into Austria , the French thought Austria would try to restore the Kings power. War broke out and the marriage that was supposed to unite both countries ended in war.

The National Convention, on September 21, finally made the decision to abolish the monarchy and establish a republic. They still didn't know what to do with the king, so they split into 2 groups the Girondins (in favor of king) and The Mountain (not in favor). The Mountain conviced the Natioal Assembly and the king was beheaded. And King Louis XVI's execution created more problems for the revolution.

With the Reign of Terror ending, the national convention established a national legislative assembly to control one gov't from taking over. 5 directors acted as the executive commitee (The Directory) and ruled France with the legislature. France was corrupted during this time, many did not like the new gov't and the economy was bad. At the end, Napoleon overthrew the gov't and took control.


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