Fred Gray

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Fred Gray

Close friends with Rosa Parks

Fred Grayand James Lawson

James Lawson was sent to jail because he didn't want to go to war. He was recruited to join the armed forces but pulled out of his draft.

These are one of the empty buses during the bus boycott.

“Martin Luther King spoke of Lawson as one of the ‘‘noblemen’’ who had influenced the black freedom struggle: ‘‘He’s been going to jail for struggling; he’s been kicked out of Vanderbilt University for this struggling; but he’s still going on, fighting for the rights of his people’’ “Lawson was imprisoned in 1951 for refusing to register with the armed forces.” When King and Lawson met, he was urged to teach nonviolence in the south. "No other alumnus has ever contributed so much to issues of national and international justice and peace, and the promotion of a nonviolent world view," said Chancellor Gordon Gee.” People thought that James Lawson was very important to the civil rights movement. “Lawson - the leading American strategist of Ghandian nonviolent action, a leader of the Freedom Rides, and a close ally of Rev.”

This happened in Montgomery, Alabama.

Fred Gray was bothered greatly about how he had seen that everything in Alabama was segregated. He was also inspired how his friend, Rosa Parks, stood up for herself and other people who thought the same.

Fred Gray was an American Activist who had a dream because he wanted everyone to be treated fairly.

Fred Gray was a very important person who stood up for civil and women’s rights. He was part of court and helped get integrated buses in Alabama. Fred Gray went to Supreme Court and was part of the Browder vs Gayle case for the integration. He was good friends with Rosa Parks who in 1956 was arrested for not giving up her seat on the bus. He was also good friends with Martin Luther King Jr. “Fred Gray is an attorney, preacher and former elected official who defended Rosa Parks and led a number of Alabama key cases during the Civil Rights Movement.” Fred Gary was also important because he was also there in other court cases to help support the integration and to give back rights to African Americans. Fred Gray is a great person who went through good and bad times for getting integration in Montgomery, Alabama.

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Fred Gray American Activist

It was Montgomery’s segregated buses that would be his proving ground. “The bus situation and how our people were treated on buses bothered me,” Gray said. “While I didn’t have any direct altercations with anybody, I had seen many people who had, and when I looked around and realized that everything in Montgomery was completely segregated … I just concluded there was something wrong about all of that.” “He represented Mrs. Rosa Parks who refused to give up her seat to a white man on a city bus, the action that initiated the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Gray was also Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s first civil rights lawyer. This was the beginning of a legal career that now spans over forty-five years.”

Fred Gray was a great friend to Rosa Parks, he stood up for women’s rights; and he was proud that she stood up for the people who were going through bad times because of segregation. Fred Gray said he wanted to tear down everything segregated because of how rudely they were being treated and how it was unnecessary. 50 years ago, he successfully argued in the Supreme Court to end segregated buses. When this happened, people started to ride the buses again, especially blacks. This was only one of the firsts of Fred’s changes on the states of segregated land.

James (Jim) Lawson giving a speech in court. He was also an American Activist similar to Fred Gray. Trying to accomplish the same thing, integration.

After he was released from prison, MLK Jr. urged Lawson to become a nonviolence teacher in the South.

Fred Gray, he was a part of making the buses integrated. He and many other people had the same dream to achieve.

Even though many people thought that he was perfect and could do anything, soon he was sent to jail. “In 1947, his freshman year at Baldwin Wallace College in southern Ohio, he joined two organizations dedicated to nonviolence, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE, which would later organize the Freedom Rides) and the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR). A year later he withdrew his draft registration, for which he soon serve 13 months in federal prison.” “At the height of the sit-in movement in Nashville in 1960, the university expelled him.” He withdrew his draft to armed forces. For this reason this would soon have him result in 13-14 months of prison.

Many people believed that James Lawson was very important to the civil rights movement “Martin Luther King Jr. called him “the leading theorist and strategist of nonviolence in the world.” To Congressman John Lewis, he is an architect of the nonviolence movement. Author David Halberstam believed he was responsible for sowing the seeds of change in the South as much as any person (except maybe King). These are only some of the many people who thought good of James Lawson.

“Gomillion v. Lightfoot- returned African Americans to the city limits in the city of Tuskegee,” “National Association for the Advancement of Colored People v. State of Alabama, ex rel. John Patterson, Attorney General,- it outlawed the NAACP from doing business in the State of Alabama,” “Dixon v. Alabama Board of Education, decided in 1961- reinstated students who were expelled from Alabama State College,” and “Williams v. Wallace, decided in 1965,- was a class action suit brought by African Americans against Governor Wallace and the State of Alabama.” These are all of the very important cases Fred Gray was part of. This shows that he was very loyal to what he wanted to accomplish, which was integration. His most important case was the Browder vs Gayle case because it was the one that helped Alabama with integrated buses. He was part of many other cases other than these, but these seemed to most important.

These are some of the quotes that people thought of Lawson.

Fred Gray changed lives in present day. If Fred Gray didn’t do what he did, life would be different now. We wouldn’t have integrated schools and we would lose some of our friends. Also, people would go to different schools with bathrooms and water fountains with signs over them that said whites only. Some would be treated better or worse. I wouldn’t want to live in that world, but sadly that used to be ours. All of our friends, some of them we wouldn’t have met.

James Lawson is making a speech about how the segregation is wrong in Alabama. He thinks that all of the acts that are happening are wrong.

James Lawson was an American Activist who was recruited to be part of the armed forces. But he rejected.

The bad months of Lawson.

How this American Activist changed lives.

These are some of the court cases that Fred Gray was part of.

"Google Drive - Google Search." Google Drive - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. A'E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014."Google Drive - Google Search." Google Drive - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2014."Fred Gray Sr." Montgomery Bus Boycott RSS. N.p., n.d. Fred Gray." Fred Gray. N.p., n.d.

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