Frank Lloyd Wright

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by krystallin
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Arts & Music
Subject:
Architecture

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Frank Lloyd Wright

Recognised as perhaps “the greatest American architect of all time” Wright is one of the aspiring founders of modern North American architecture in the 20th century. His designs varied from offices, to skyscrapers to schools and hotels. Wright designed 1141 buildings of which 532 were completed and was significant for the integration of nature in his designs, setting him apart from his fellow architects of that era. Unique to him was the style of natural mediums, low pitched rooflines, overhangs, and stone brick fireplaces, open simplistic structures allowing rooms to open into each other and attic and basement less housing. Wright is also known for what he calls “organic architecture”, the harmony between man and nature.

Perhaps one of the most famous of Wright’s designs completed in October 1936, Fallingwater is situated in south-western Pennsylvania overlooking a waterfall. The project was handed to Wright after the initial cabins in the area had deteriorated. The initial brief asked for large entertainment space and four bedrooms to which Wright responded with the “cantilever” structure, allowing large overhanging balconies without the use of exterior bracing. The floors of this structure had integrated beams in the shape of inversed T’s, forming a resistance against compression. The style of falling water is inspired by Japanese architecture and the spaces that emphasize harmony between man and nature. The colour scheme is simplified to light ochre concrete and Wright’s signature Cherokee red for the steel. Its windows and balconies reach into its surroundings and a natural springs flows underneath the structure.

This wooden tower, originally with shingle sliding stood from 1896 until its renovation in 1989 and Wrights oldest structure in Wisconsin. The “Romeo” is the taller diamond tower that is integrated in the “Juliet” the shorter octagonal section holding a stair way and an observation deck. The cross section of the building allowed this structure to stand for nearly a century, initially a water pump for the hillside school. Later, the windmill served the purpose of water supplement to Wrights resident Taliesin. Wright also attached a loudspeaker so his apprentices could listen to music from the Juliet observation deck.

An expanding collection of Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, Modern and contemporary art is displayed on Fifth Avenue, New York in Wright renowned cylindered structured design. Constructed began in 1943 and the building was available to the public in 1959, this famous structure is known for continuous circular ramps wider at the top, narrower at the bottom from a large skylight that overlooks the large central space. The structure is made of concrete material and painted white and its internal spiral also contained an inverted semicircle on its circumference, with a skylight of 12 triangular and trapezium sectors forming the overall dome. The original structures showed a hexagonal design and Wright trialled with the ramp concept. The interior walls slope on an angle so pieces are displayed as if on the artist’s easel.


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