Francis Bacon

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by kevindawg
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies

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Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon was born in England on January 22, 1561 and was homeschooled in his early years. As a English prodigy, Bacon entered Trinity College at Cambridge at the age of 12. While at Cambridge, Bacon met and impressed Queen Elizabeth to the extent that she called him “The Young Lord Keeper”. When Bacon’s father died in 1579, Bacon decided to enter politics and with the help of his influential uncle, gained a significant post with a considerable annual salary.

Accomplishments

“knowledge is power”“I propose to establish progressive stages of certainty”

Francis Bacon contributed to the development of the scientific method, which was a technique used to investigate new knowledge. Essentially, Bacon formalized the empirical method that had already been in existence into a type of inductive reasoning called empiricism. Empiricism is the theory and belief that knowledge can only be obtained through observations or experiments (empirical data). By inductive, I mean “probable”. By supporting and advocating for the use of empiricism, Bacon contributed to a new combined method of scientific inquiry.

Scientific Discoveries

Because Francis Bacon was so devoted to his political life, he didn’t produce any significant amount of writing until the last five years of his life that were his “spare time”. Scientifically speaking, Bacon did not discover anything new. Rather, he used his logic and compiled together the reasoning called empiricism. One of Bacon’s most famous beliefs was that “knowledge is power”.

Citations

Klein, Jürgen, Klein,. "Francis Bacon." Stanford University. Stanford University, 29 Dec. 2003. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. .McKay, John P., Bennett D. Hill, and John Buckler. "Toward a New World-View." A History of Western Society. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 2002. 602-03. Print.Simpson, David. "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Bacon, Francis . Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 15 July 2005. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. .

Francis Bacon

Early Life & Nationality

Quotes

Effects of his intellectual discoveries on European society

Relationship to Church & other Secular Authorities

Bacon was a successful lawyer and Parliamentarian. From 1584 to 1617 with the Commons. He played a role in the investigation of Catholics and argued for the execution for Mary Queen of Scots. He was also involved in the political aspects of religious questions, especially those concerning the conflict between the Church of England and nonconformists. Bacon’s empirical method never clashed with any church or secular authorities’ views.

Bacon introduced a new way of thinking through using deductive reasoning and logic as a foundation for scientific was new to European society during this period of time. His contribution to scientific method involving finding unbiased scientific information through experimentation influenced the change in thinking throughout Europe in the 16th century.

Books Titles

Novum Organum- Bacon explores the Baconian method (his method) for investigating new knowledgeThe New Atlantis- detailed the outline for the modern research center and international scientific community

How the scientist uses Scientific Method

Bacon contributed to the development of the scientific method, which was a technique used to investigate new knowledge. He formalized the empirical method into a type of inductive reasoning called empiricism as mentioned previously. He helped develope a new combined method of scientific inquiry through the use of empiricism.

Novum Organum


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