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by MatPes
Last updated 5 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Descrpition:A bone fracture is a damage in the continuity of the bone. A bone fracture can be the result of high force impact, stress, or a minimal trauma injury. As a result of certain medical conditions bones can become weak and even brake, such as osteoporosis, bone cancer, or osteogenesis imperfecta.

How is it diagnosed?:Doctors can usually recognize most fractures by examining the injury and taking X-rays.Sometimes an X-ray will not show a fracture. In these situations, your doctor may perform other tests, such as a computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or a bone scan.


PathophysiologyBone fragments will damage nearby tissues and blood vessels, causing swelling and blood clots in the area of the fracture. Undamaged tissue cells nearby the fracture site will respond to the injury by rapidly dividing in an attempt to form a collar of tissue surrounding the fracture site. New bone is generated from this mass of tissue in order to eventually heal the damaged bone.

Etiology (cause):When an excessive force is applied to a bone and causes it to break or shatter. Some fractures break the bone completely, while others just cause a crack.

A Femur fracture

Signs+SymptomsInjury from a car accident or athletic eventIntentional injury, if another person strikes youAbuseFalls from large heightsOveruse, particularly if you run or participate in sportsOsteoporosis, a disease that causes bones to weaken in older adults

Treatment+ PreventionIce the injury and elevate the injured area to reduce swelling. Gently clean the wound with soap and water to help prevent bacteria from entering the wound and cover it with a bandage.An X-ray will determine if the bone is broken and to identify the type of fracture you have suffered. The doctor will make sure that your bone is aligned correctly before placing a cast. If the bones are not aligned correctly, the injury won’t heal properly. recommend that you keep the bone still by using a sling or special bandage.


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