Forensic scientists

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Forensic scientists

5 Famous Forensic Scientists

Mathieu Orfila (April 24,1787 – March 12,1853)-Orfila was born a Spanish subject on the island of Minorca in 1787. -Orfila studied medicine in Valencia and chemistry in Barcelona from1804-1807, also studying medicine and pharmacy in Paris in June of 1807, . - Orfila is considered the Father of Toxicology, which is due to he being the study's founder.- He helped to develop tests for the presence of blood in a forensic context, was one of the first people to use a microscope to assess blood and semen stains, and worked to improve public health systems and medical training.-Orfila argued that arsenic in the soil around graves could be drawn in to the body and be mistaken for poisoning.

Alphonse Bertillion(April 24, 1853-February 13, 1914)-Bertillion was born in Paris, France in 1853, the son of a statistician and the younger brother of a statician and demographer. - In 1894 and 1899, Bertillion was a witness for the prsecution in the Dreyfus Affair and testified as a handwriting expert, which he was not. - Bertillion began a career in the police force in March of 1879 as a department copyist after spending many years drifting between jobs. -Bertillion invented the mug shot and anthropometrics, the measurement of the human individual- Bertillon also created many forensics techniques, such as forensic document examination, the use of galvanoplastic compounds to preserve footprints, ballistics, and the dynamometer, a device used to determine the degree of force used in breaking and entering.


Francis Galton(February 16, 1822- January 17, 1911)- Galton was the first person to place studying fingerprints on a scientific basis. -Galton provided the first workable fingerprint classification system and made it known to people that fingerprints are reliable in identifying a person. -Galton was Charles Darwin's half-cousin.-Galton was born in Birmingham, England to famous, successful Quaker gunmakers in 1822.-As a child, Galton was reading by the age of two, knew some Greek, Latin ,and long division at age 5, and could quote Shakespeare at 6 years old.

Edmond Locard(December 13, 1877-April 4, 1966)- Locard studied medicine and law at Lyon, France,and eventually became the assistant of Alexandre Lacassagne, a criminologist and professor.-In 1910, Locard came up with the basis of the criminal laboratory.-Locard is known as the "Sherlock Holmes of France".- Locard formulated the basic principle of forensic science: "Every contact leaves a trace" (Locard's exchange principle).-During WWI, Locard worked with the French Secret Service as a medical examiner, attempting to identify cause and location of death by examining the stains and damage of soldiers’ and prisoners’ uniforms.

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle(May 22, 1859- July 7, 1930)-Doyle was an English writer and physician who poularized forensic science with his Sherlock Holmes stories.-Doyle was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1859 to parents who were both of Irish Catholic descent. -From 1876 to 1881 he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, first starting to write stories around this time.-. Doyle had served as a volunteer doctor in the Langman Field Hospital at Bloemfontein between March and June 1900 during the Boer War.- First rejected religion in 1875, though he later saw himself as a Spiritualist,

Kaitlin Horn


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