Food and Drinks of Elizabethan Times

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by 18STeuscher
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
European history

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Food and Drinks of Elizabethan Times


All cooking required fires, which meant the cook had to be skilled and careful. The main ways of cooking were baking, broiling, and roasting.

A banquet was what we call dessert. It was usually served in a different room than the meal. Dessert decorated in creative ways, while sugar helped preserve fruit in tarts and other desserts.

Sugar was part of the Elizabethan diet, especially the wealthy. Honey was expensive, as well as sugar, but many people could afford it. Though, fruits were the main source of sugar.

Ale and beer were drank at dinner time, because drinks such as tea and coffee were not used in England yet.

It wouldn't be odd if rich people had multiple courses, especially if guests were over.

One example of a multiple course meal would be:- Roast Meat- Different kinds of poultry- Pies-Salad-Vegetables-Sweet Tarts-Creamy Syllabus-Fruit-Nuts


Broiling- when food is cooked over hot coals or an open fire. This was the easiest of all three.Roasting- Where food is slowly turned over an open fire, with a pan below to catch the dripping greese.Baking- Done in a brick or clay oven. The fire inside would heat the oven up, then the food would be placed into it with a pell.

Food and Drinks of Elizabethan Times

Wealthy people ate desserts such as:-Gingerbread-Cakes-Candies-Marzipan-Conserves-Marmalade

Most people had gardens, even if they lived in the city. This provided the vegetables for the house. Things they grew were: artichokes, asparagus, endive, and turnips.

Breakfast was the first meal of the day. It was not a large, formal meal.Dinner was what our lunch is now. It was around 11 to noon.

Dinner was usually the largest meal of the day. Though supper was the largest meal for most wealthy people.

Hypocras are a spiced wine and dragees are sugar-coated seeds, both were part of the royal dining to help digestion. This would help with the previous desserts given made of sugar.

Works CitedBaking Bread. N.d. Life in Elizabethan England. Web. 16 Jan. 2014.Elgin, Kathy. Daily Life. Illus. Adam Hook. Mankato: Compass Point, 2005. Print. Changing Times.Forgeng, Jeffrey L. Elizabethan England. 2nd ed. Santa Barbara: Greenwood, n.d. Print. Daily Life In.Scott, S. D., ed. "Dinner at Cowdray House, 1595." Life in Elizabethan England. N.p., 24 June 2005. Web. 16 Jan. 2014.Sennott, Richard. Dessert Table. Startribune. Startribune, 19 Dec. 2012. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.Singman, Jeffery L. Daily Life in Elizabethan England. Westport: Greenwood, 1995. Print. Daily Life Through History.Tillotson, Kristin. "Dessert by any other name tastes as sweet." Star Tribune: n. pag. Ebscohost. Web. 16 Jan. 2014.

Breads were a large part of the everyday diet. White breads were prefered over dark breads. Though their versions of white bread were like our whole-grain bread. The best bread made was called Manchet, a small hand-loaf.


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