Five Pillars of Islam

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Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

Zakah - AlmsgivingMuslims are required to contribute two and a half percent of the value of their possessions to a public treasury. Poor people are exempt from this requirement. In fact, they are among the recipients of the shared wealth. Wealth sharing is considered a form of worship, and thus provides benefits beyond the economic advantages it offers the community.

Shahadah - WitnessingMuslims must declare that "There is no god but God; Muhammas is the Messenger of God." This public declaration of faith defines a person as a member of the Islamic community.

Hajj - PilgrimageDuring the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar, a pilgrimage to Mecca is required once in a person's lifetime if they are able or can afford to do so. The rituals performed reflect rituals and actions performed by Abraham.

Salah - PrayerMuslims are to pray or worship five fixed times a day (between dawn and sunrise, after mid-day, between late afternoon and sunset, between sunset and the end of the daylight, and night until dawn). Muslims must cleanse themselves before prayer and worship and must be wearing appropriate clothing. Friday is a special day of prayer, where a Jum'ah takes place and a sermon is delivered.

Sawm - FastingAll Muslims who have reached the age of puberty and are not ill or traveling are required to keep a month long fast each year during Ramadan. The fast reminds Muslims to fulfill their obligations to care for the poor and needy. To fast in Islam means to abstain from food, drink, and marital relations.


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