Ferdinand Magellan

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by Egor1998
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Social Studies
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Ferdinand Magellan

Final years


While serving in Morocco, Magellan was falsely accused of trading illegally with the Moors, and despite all of his service to Portugal, and his many pleas to the king, any further offers of employment were withheld him. In 1517, Magellan moved to Seville, Spain. In the three years Magellan had religiously studied all of the most recent navigation charts. He believed that he could find a shorter route to the Spice Islands by sailing west, across the Atlantic Ocean, around South America and across the Pacific. Such a voyage would give the Spanish open access to the Spice Islands without having to travel across areas controlled by the Portuguese.

Ferdinand Magellan

On September 20, 1519, he set out with a fleet of five fully supplied ships. The fleet sailed first to Brazil and then down the coast of South America to Patagonia. There an attempted mutiny took place and one of the ships was wrecked. By October 1520, Magellan and his men had entered what is now called the Strait of Magellan. It took them over a month to pass through the strait. The remaining ships sailed across the Pacific Ocean. In March 1521, the fleet anchored in Guam. Later in March, 1521, Magellan’s fleet reached Homonhom Island on the edge of the Philippines. The Spanish crew soon became involved in a war between Humabon and another rival leader and Magellan was killed in battle on April 27, 1521. The remaining crew escaped the Philippines and continued on towards the Spice Islands, arriving in November, 1521. The Spanish commander of the last ship, set sail December and reached Spain on September 8, 1522.

Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal, either in the city of Porto or in Sabrosa, circa 1480. His parents were members of the Portuguese nobility and after their deaths, Magellan became a page for the queen, at age 10. He studied at Queen Leonora's School of Pages in Lisbon and spent his days poring over texts on cartography, astronomy, and celestial navigation - subjects that would serve him well in his later pursuits.

Early life

1505 - Magellan joined a Portugeese fleet that was sailing to East Africa.1517 - Magellan moved to Seville, Spain.1519 - the start of the journey.1520 - he entered a Magellan strait.March, 1521 - reached Guam.March, 1521 - reached Homonhom.April, 1521 - Magellan was killed in a battle.



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