Feminism and Women's Liberation Movement

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by oliviawallace
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Social Studies
American History

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Feminism and Women's Liberation Movement

Before the Movement:In the early 20th century, Americans upheld numerous expectations about women and their roles in society. Men were viewed as highly superior to women. Women's career opportunities were limited to jobs as housewives, teachers, nurses, secretaries, etc.


Feminism and Women's Liberation Movement

Goals of the Movement:Errupting in the 1960s and 1970s, the Feminist Movement sought to implement anti-discrimnatory laws in order to eliminate gender inequality. One of the movement's main goals was to promote equal job opportunites and salaries for both men and women.

What is feminism?n. the advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men

What is women's liberation?n. the advocacy of the liberation of women from inequalities and subservient status in relation to men, and from attitudes causing these

SAHS Honor Code: Olivia WallaceApril 29, 2014

"We have talked long enough in this country about equal rights... It is time now to write the next chapter, and to write it in the books of law." - President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963

Movement Timeline1941: Simone de Beauvoir’s "The Second Sex" is published, using the term "women's liberation" for the 1st time1960: Brith control pills are approved by the FDA and made available for purchase1961: President Kennedy establishes the Commission on the Status of Women, dedicated to investigating and improving the role of women in American society1963: The Equal Rights Act prohibits gender-based wage discrimination1963: Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" is published, questioning women's supposed happiness with marriages and motherhood1964: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is signed by President Johnson, prohibiting gender-based discrimination in the work environment 1965: By Executive Order 11246, President Johnson orders that “federal agencies and federal contractor’s take affirmative action in overcoming employment discrimination”1966: The National Organization for Women (NOW) is established1971: The Equal Rights Amendment is passed by the House of Representatives1973: First trimester abortions are legalized by Judge Harry A. Blackmun1974: The first pro-life, anti-abortion rally takes place in Washington D.C., organized by Nellie Gray1975: The precedent regarding a rape victim’s right to self-defense is set as a result of Joanne Little's acquittal in the murder of Clarence Alligood

Popular feminist propoganda during the movement

Feminist protesters defend a woman's right to abortion

Feminist propoganda advocating women's role in politics

Video discussing women's involvement in the Liberation Movement

Effects of the Movement:- Economically: Wealth became more evenly distributed amongst the American people through the elimination of gender-based wages. Women were given the right to equal pay for equal work and greater career opportunites.- Socially: Women were viewed with greater respect and obtained new social rights, such as the right to contraception and birth control. - Politically: Women's presence in politics grew drastically. They obtained greater political equality and began to hold postions as political figures.


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