Feminisim in the 1960's and 1970's

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by MadelineMahon
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Feminisim in the 1960's and 1970's

Feminisim in the 1960's and 1970's

"The problem lay buried, unspoken for many years in the minds of American women. It was a strange stirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearning that women suffered in the middle of the twentieth century in the United States. Each suburban housewife struggled with it alone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries, matched slipcover material, ate peanut butter sandwiches with her children, chauffeured Cub Scouts and Brownies, lay beside her husband at night, she was afraid to ask even of herself the silent question — “Is this all?” " (Friedan "The Feminine Mystique") This was the opening to her book. It asked the question whether the average house wife life style was necessary for all women. With this notion, more women began to seek job opportunities and get educations.

SAHS Honor Code: Madeline Mahon4/29/14

Feminisim: the belief that men and women should have political, social, and economic equality. In the 1960's a "second wave" of feminisim began when traditional gender roles; such as getting married, staying home, and raising children began to be questioned and women strove for further equality in the work place, sexuality, and education. This helped change the social norms and ecouraged woment to beome more involved in government.

Betty Friedan a Feminist writer. She wrote "The Feminine Mystique" (February 17, 1963). This questioned the traditional gender roles of women. She also started the National Organization for Women (NOW) in 1966 to enforce the Civil Rights Act when Equal Employment Opportunity Commissioners (EEOC) couldn't.

Miss America Protest (1968). Women were, and still are, expected to live up to a certain beauty standard. This was protesting this notion of beauty and charm as a woman's important redeeming quality.

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 - (June 10, 1963) prohibited pay based upon gender.The Civil Rights Act of 1964 This forbid discrimination in work based on gender and race.

This song by Aretha Franklin asks for respect and was a popular song at the time. Respect and over all equality was what many feminists were fighting for at this time, because of the unfair treatment in work and social affairs.

Contreception (the use of medine to prevent pregnancy) was introduced in the 1960's and approved by the FDA. Griswold V. Connecticut (1965) made it legal in all states. Eisenstad V. Baird (1972) made it legal to sell to unmarried couples.

"Respect" Aretha Franklin (1967)

Gremiane Greer wrote the "Female Eunich" (1970). This promoted sexual equality among men and women. Men were often encouraged to engage in sexual activity, while women were told to abstain from it.

Acts and Laws Passed because of feminist values


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