Federalism

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Federalism

Federalism

A system of government in which power is divided between a national (federal) government and various regional governments.http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/fed.htm

Supremecy Clause -Article VI, Section 2 of the Constitution states that the Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land and stands above all other laws. -It was designed to resolve conflicts between national and state laws.The order of supremacy is:1. Constitution2. Acts of Congress and Treaties3. State Constitution4. State Statutes5. City and County Charters

http://www.srpnet.com/education/pdfx/centennial/federalism.pdf

Enumerated Powers: Powers given specifically to the national government in the constitution

Implied Powers: Powers that are implied but not specifically stated in the constitution.

Reserved Powers: States are allowed all powers that the government doesn’t have or that are not prohibited.

Concurrent Powers: Powers that both the national and state governments have.

HISTORYDuring the Revolutionary war, the 13 colonies were unified under the Articles of Confederation. Under it, the central gov’t had the power to wage war and sign treaties. However, it could not collect taxes or raise an army. This form of gov’t favored states rights, which made it nearly impossible for the US to exist. The states were forcibly collecting taxes and were foreclosing farms. In order to prevent this from happening, Daniel Shay and other poor farmers rose up in rebellion. Shay’s rebellion made it clear that the Articles of Confederation was not effective because the central gov’t didn’t have the powers to help states, such as Massachusetts, rebel. Actions like the Shays’ rebellion made it clear to the founding fathers that the power to govern, should be shared by the central and state governments. http://www.srpnet.com/education/pdfx/centennial/federalism.pdf

For example:The national government has the power to make laws over a variety of things but the Constitution (10th amendment) says that state and local governments have power to make laws over everything else that the national government doesn't make laws about. Example: There are national laws about gun rights and restrictions that all states must follow. However, Colorado also has laws that are more specific about what rights Colorado residents have concerning guns in Colorado, such as Colorado is the only state that doesn't require a permit for handgun ownershttp://firstclass.rfsd.k12.co.us/~mschneiter/Fad/legislative_1_federalism.htm

http://rhsworldhistory.wikispaces.com/Gov.+Class+Unit+5

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