Fat Facts and the Case on Cholesterol

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by 600PercentDoneWithThis
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Human Anatomy
Grade:
11

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Fat Facts and the Case on Cholesterol

Fat Facts and the Case on Cholesterol

The Sources

HDL vs. LDL

The Good and the Bad

The Suspects

Types of Fats

Cholesterol comes from two main sources.

The Body75% Blood Cholesterol

Foods25% Animal Products

HDL-High Density Lipoproteins (the good)-Keeps LDL from getting stuck in the Arteries.-High levels prevent heart attack and stroke, low levels increase the risk.-Reducing trans fat can increase HDL levelsLDL-Low Density Lipoproteins (the bad)-Too much can clog arteries and cause heart attack or stroke-Produced natually by the body, but eating saturated fats can increases the levels.-Inherited genes can cause you to produce to much as well.

The Bad-Saturated fat -Can clog arteries and raise blood cholesterol levels -Increases risk for heart disease and stroke -Found in foods such as meat (lamb, poultry with skin, and fatty beef) and dairy products (cream, butter, and cheese)-Trans fat -Raises LDL levels and lowers HDL levels -Increases risk for heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. -Found in foods such as baked goods (pie crusts, pizza dough, and biscuits) and fried foods (dohnuts and french fries)

Fats, where to find them, and how they affect you. The Good-Monounsaturated fat -Lowers your risk for heart disease -Found in foods such as fish, nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils (olive, canola, soybean) -Typically contains vitamin E and can reduce bad cholesterol levels when eaten with moderation.-Polyunsaturated fat -Helps lower LDL cholesterol levels -Reduces risk for developing heart disease -Contains omega-3 and omega-6 -Found in fish (salmon, trout, herring), nuts, and seeds

Having high cholesterol means.....High Cholesterol is at least 240 milligrams per deciliter of blood .means that you have more than twice the risk for coronary heart disease than a person with 200 milligrams per deciliter of blood..

Atherosclerosis and you

It's All About the NumbersA “lipoprotein profile” is a test to find out your blood cholesterol numbers. It gives information about total cholesterol, LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and HDL (“good”) cholesterol, as well as triglycerides (blood fats).

How to Alter Those NumbersYou can lower your LDL cholesterol levels by losing weight, limiting saturated fats, and cutting trans fats.-Triglyceride levels can be lowered by limiting the amount of sugar in your diet, adding omega-3's to your diet, and excercising regulary


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