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Environmental Studies

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Agriculture Farming in America

Safety:-Federal and state governments are responsible for safeguarding the food supply, but farmers are mainly responsible for growing the food safely.-Several farmers learned from their parents and have alot of experience, but farmers work hard to gain the knowledge by training and increasing skills to use chemicals safely and responsibly.-New food safety standards have been put in place by the federal government to further ensure the food we eat is safe.

Fast Facts

-Farm and ranch families comprise just 2 % out of the U.S population.-One in three U.S farm acres are planted for export use.-31 % of U.S gross income comes directly from exports.-In 2010, $115 billion worth of American agriculture products were exported around the world.-More than 22 million American workers( 15 % of American work force ) produce, process and sell the nations food and fiber.-About 23 % of raw U.S gross farm income comes directly form exports- Each year, hundreds of thousands of trees are planted on farmland.

Crops:Corn (grain )- 84 acres- 63.9$ bil.Soybeans- 73.8 acres- 37.6$ bil.Hay- 55.7 acres- 6.7$ bil.Wheat- 45.7 acres- 14.6$ bil.Cotton- 9.5 acres- 8.3$ bil.Sorghum(grain)- 3.9 acres- 1.3$ bil.Rice- 2.6 acres- 2.9$ bil.


Common Grown Crops

Agriculture in the United States:Agriculture is a major industry in the United States, which is a large network of exporter food. As of the 2007 census of agriculture; tnere were about 2.2 million farms, covering an area of 922 million acres. The United States was a leader in seed improvement including hybridization and genetically modified organisms.

License Fees and (ACRRA ) Surcharge:License Type:Commercial Applicator- $50- $8.25 surcharge-58.25$ totalNoncommercial Applicator- $50- $8.25 surcharge- $58.25 totalNoncommercial-Government- $10- n/a surcharge- $50 totalStructural Pest Control Applicator- $50- n/a surcharge- $50 totalStructural Pest Control Company- $200- $33 surcharge- $233 total

Skills Needed:- working with animals - such as feeding, cleaning, caring for sick or newborn livestock and using milking machines for dairy work.- ploughing feilds, sowing seeds, spreading fertilisers, crop spraying and harvesting.- operating tractors, combine harvesters and other farm vehicles.- maintenance of farm buildings.- laying and trimming hedges.- digging and maintaining ditches.- putting up and mending fences.- labour outside mostly.

Agriculture in the United States

License Fees and Agriculture Chemical Response and Reimbursement

Skills Needed

Farmers Duties:- Supervise all steps of the crop production by checking fertiziling, harvesting, herding, and planting.- Determine how to raise crops or livestock according to factors such as market conditions.- Select and purchase supplies, such as seeds, fertilizers, and farm machinery.- Repair farm machinery so it is able to harvest and haul crops.- Adapt their duties to the seasons, weather conditions, or a crops growing cycle.- Maintain farm facilities, such as water pipes, hoses, fences, and animal shelters.

Farmers Duties


History Information:- In Colonial America agriculture was the primary livelihood for 90 % of the population.- Most farms were geared toward subsistence for family use.- After 1800, cotton became the cheif crop in southern plantations.- After 1840, industrialization and urbanization opened up lucrative domestic markets- The number of farmers grew 1.4 million in the 1850's, to 4.0 million in the 1880's, and 6.4 million in 1910; then started to fall, dropping to 5.6 million in the 1950's and 2.2 million in 2008.

History Information

Historical Timeline:1776-83: Revolutionary War boom1784-88: Postwar depression and deflation; maritime commerce prosperity1807-09: Embargo depression1810-14: Uneven wartime prosperity1815-19: Speculative boom1819-22: Panic and depression1823-33: Gradual recovery1833-34: Banking recession1838-43: Depression1844-56: Recovery and business expansion1857-60: Panic of 1857 and recovery1861-65: Civil war prosperity and inflation1866-67: Postwar recession1868-73: Railroad boom1873-78: Depression and deflation1879-93: Business expansion1893-94: Widespread bankruptcies and depression1895-1906: Return of prosperity1907-08: Panic of 19071909-18: Prosperity and war boom1914-18: World War I1920-21: Sharp postwar recession1922-29: Speculative boom1929-39: Great Depression1939-45: World War II; wartime recovery1946-70: Postwar boom1950-56: Korean War and postwar readjustment1957-58: Recession1958-70: Extended business expansion1964-73: Vietnam War1970-80: Inflation rates increase, while economic growth slows1981-82: Recession1983-90: Buisness expanison1990-91: Recession1991-2000: Business expansion

Additional Information

How does it apply to biology:Over the last 300 years, plant science research has provided important knowledge and technologies for advancing the sustainability of agriculture. The Earth's human population is expected to increase from the current population 6.7 billion to 9 billion by 2050. In order to feed the growing population, the 70 % increase in agriculture production is expected. Crop plants have been and continue to be the focus of biotechnology as efforts are made to improve yeild and by improving crop resistance to insects and certain herbicides and delaying ripening for better spoilage resistance.

How it applys to biology


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