Fame upon Death

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Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Inventors and Inventions
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Fame upon Death

Galileo's AchivmentsHis achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism.

Fame Upon Death

Galileo Galilei

Galileo was born in Pisa Italy, and the first of six children of Vincenzo Galilei, a famous Latinist, composer, and music theorist; and Giulia Amanita. Galileo was never married. However, he did have a brief relationship with Marina Gama, a woman he met on one of his many trips to Venice. Marina lived in Galileo's house in Padua where she bore him three children. His two daughters, Virginia and Livia, were both put in convents where they became, respectively, Sister Maria Celeste and Sister Arcangela. In 1610, Galileo moved from Padua to Florence where he took a position at the Court of the Medici family. He left his son, Vincenzio, with Marina Gama in Padua. In 1613, Marina married Giovanni Bartoluzzi, and Vincenzio joined his father in Florence. Although seriously considered the priesthood as a young man, at his father's urging he instead enrolled at the University of Pisa for a medical degree. In 1581, when he was studying medicine, he noticed a swinging chandelier, which air currents shifted about to swing in larger and smaller arcs. It seemed, by comparison with his heartbeat, that the chandelier took the same amount of time to swing back and forth, no matter how far it was swinging. When he returned home, he set up two pendulums of equal length and swung one with a large sweep and the other with a small sweep and found that they kept time together. Being inspired by the artistic tradition of the city and the works of the Renaissance artists, Galileo acquired an aesthetic mentality. While a young teacher at the Accademia, he began a lifelong friendship with the Florentine painter Cigoli, who included Galileo's lunar observations in one of his paintings. He was the man who made the telescope famous. His discoveries with the telescope convinced him that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the solar system. Galileo constructed his own telescope. This telescope was awkward to use and only magnified about 30 times but it was enough to make some of the most important discoveries in the history in astronomy. Almost immediately after building it, Galileo turned his telescope to the heavens. What he saw changed our view on the world forever.

Timeline 0f Galileo Galilei*1564- Galileo was born*1586- He publishes an essay on the hydrostatic balance, a device to measure the mass of objects.*1592- Galileo applies and is awarded the chair of mathematics at the University of Padua, where he remained until 1610.*1609- Galileo learns of the recent invention, the telescope*1634- Despite his house arrest Galileo publishes Discorsi e dimostrazioni mathematiche intorno a due nuove scienze attenenti alla meccanica (Dialogue Concerning Two New Sciences, a work about the principles of mechanics.*1616- The Catholic Church formally declares the writings of Galileo banned.*1642- Galileo Galilei dies from a long illness.


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