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Social Studies

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Al Capone

Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone (born on January 17, 1899 - died on January 25, 1947) was an Italian-American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. Known as the "Capones", the group was dedicated to bootlegging and smuggling liquor, and other illegal activities such as prostitution, in Chicago from the early 1920s to 1931.

Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York to Italian immigrants., Capone became involved with gang activity at a young age after being expelled from school at age 14. In his early twenties, he moved to Chicago to take advantage of a new opportunity to make money smuggling illegal alcoholic beverages into the city during Prohibition. He also engaged in various other criminal activities, including bribery of government figures and prostitution. Despite his illegitimate occupation, Capone became a highly visible public figure. He made various charitable endeavors using the money he made from his activities, and was viewed by many to be a "modern-day Robin Hood".

However, Capone gained infamy when the public discovered his involvement in the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, which resulted in the death of seven of Capone's rival gang members. Capone's reign ended when he was found guilty of tax evasion, and sent to federal prison. His incarceration included a stay at Alcatraz federal prison. in the final years of Capone's life, his mental and physical health deteriorated due to neurosyphilis, a disease which he had contracted earlier. on January 25, 1947, he died from cardiac arrest after suffering a stroke.

Alcatraz, the prison that Capone went to.

Capone's control and interest within organized crime diminished rapidly after his imprisonment and he was no longer able to run the Outfit after his release. He had lost weight and his physical and mental health had deteriorated under the effects of neurosyphilis. He had become mentally incapable of resuming his gang activity. in 1946, his physician and a Baltimore phsyciatrist performed examinations and concluded tha Al then had the mental capcbility of a 12-year-old child. He often raved about communists, foreigners, and George Moran, who he was convinced was still plotting to kill him from his Ohio prison cell.

On January 21, 1947, Capone had a stroke. He regained consciousness and started to improve but contracted pneumonia on January 24. He suffered a fatal cardiac arrest the next day. He died in his home in Miami Beach, Florida, surrounded by his family, including his wife, who collapsed at the scene.



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