Falklands War

by LordAllagon
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
History
Grade:
9

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Falklands War

02/04/1982 - 20/06/1982Fought between Argentina and the UKResult: British victory, and return to status quo ante bellum.

Falklands War

Andrés Ovalles, Nicolás Bergallo, Gonzalo Monti, and Franco Demaría, 2º 5º I.L.S.E.

BattlesInvasion of the FalklandsBattle of Grytviken (S.G.)Recapture of South GeorgiaSinking of the ARA Santa Fe and General BelgranoSinking of the HMS Sheffield, Ardent, Antelope and CoventryBattle of Goose GreenFall of Port Stanley

Why?·L. Galtieri, president of Argentina, wanted to draw attention away from economical issues and human rights violations at home.

When?In 1982. Argentina was under the government of a military dictatorship, and facing an economic crisis, while the UK had been lowering their military spending and overall budget due to similar economic problems.

What happened?On April 2, Argentine forces landed at Port Stanley and captured the town, taking South Georgia Island a day later with minimal casualties.Twenty days later, a British fleet attacked the base at South Georgia, sinking the submarine Santa Fe and forcing the defenders to surrender.On May 1, the British launched the Blackbuck raids, a series of bomber attacks that would damage the runway at Port Stanley, preventing the Argentines from using it as a base for their aircraft. On that same day, the submarine HMS Conqueror sunk the ARA General Belgrano, which would convince the Argentine Navy to remain at port for the rest of the war.The British landed the bulk of their land soldiers at San Carlos Water, numbering about 4000 men. They were reinforced by Major Moor's army of 5000, and, after defeating the Argentines at Goose Green, pushed towards Port Stanley, capturing the town on June 20, when the war ended.

Margaret Thatcher, the British PM during the war, would go on to be reelected, and her party gained widespread support.

Leopoldo Galtieri was later charged with mishandling the war and imprisoned for 5 years, before being pardoned by Carlos Menem.

AftermathIn Argentina, the defeat sealed the downfall of the military dictatorship, and, after massive protests in various cities, the junta resigned and the country returned to democracy.In the UK, the victory provided a boost to national confidence, reaffirmed Britain as a world power, and gave Margaret Thatcher the votes she needed to win the 1983 elections.


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