Facts about Autism

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by lmachlik
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Facts about Autism

Facts about Autism1% of world population has autism (CDC, 2014)1 in 68 in US born with ASD (estimated) (CDC, 2014) 3.5 million people live with ASD in (Buescher et al., 2014)35 percent of young adults (ages 19-23) with autism have not had a job or received postgraduate education after leaving high school.(Shattuck et al., 2012)Boys 5 times more likely to have autism than girls

Autism is the fastest-growing developmental disability in the United States

What does it mean to be in the spectrum?Each individual is unique. Many of those on the autism spectrum have exceptional abilities in visual skills, music and academic skills. About 40 percent have average to above average intellectual abilities. Indeed, many persons on the spectrum take deserved pride in their distinctive abilities and “atypical” ways of viewing the world. Others with autism have significant disability and are unable to live independently. About 25 percent of individuals with ASD are nonverbal but can learn to communicate using other means.

TreatmentsScientists agree that the earlier a child receives early intervention services the better the child’s prognosis. All children with autism can benefit from early intervention, and some may gain enough skills to be able to attend a mainstream school.The most effective treatments available today are:applied behavioral analysis (ABA) occupational therapy, speech services,physical therapy, all of which have proven to be the most effective.There is no cure for autism, and most individuals with ASD will need support and services throughout their lifetime.

When? What do I look for?The National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) lists 5 behaviors that warrant evaluation:Does not babble or coo by 12 monthsDoes not gesture (point, wave, grasp) by 12 monthsDoes not say single words by 16 monthsDoes not say two-word phrases on his or her own by 24 monthsHas any loss of any language or social skill at any age

References:NICHD: https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/autism/Pages/default.aspxAutism Speaks:https://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autismCDC: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.htmlAutism Society: http://www.autism-society.org/

Who can tell me?Mutlidisplinary evaluation team....This team might include a neurologist, psychologist, developmental pediatrician, speech/language therapist, learning consultant or other professionals who are knowledgeable about autism.


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