Exploring European Exploration

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by MsTellez32
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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Exploring European Exploration

Exploring European Exploration

Age of Exploration is the period of time, beginning in the late 1400's in which European explorers sought new trade route to Asia and discovered America.Explorers, or people who travel in search of new geographical information, needed help staying on course when they had no landmarks in the middle of the ocean. They used an astrolabe.

Archeoligists:a. Study sunken ships found by looking at old ship records kept by European merchants and read tales from shipwreck survivors.b. Technology like sonar sound waves can find anchors and cannons.c. Divers create grids to chart exactly where every artifact is found and learn how they are used and how. d. Archeolists can learn the name of the ship, where it was going, who was on board and why.e. This process could take years.

1. Underwater Archeology

II. Ocean Crossing

European explorers also used a compass which was another tool for finding out directions. This tool has a magnetic needle balanced on a small metal post, which the needle can spin freely on. The needle's point is attracted to the powerful magnetic field that lines up close to the north pole, so it always points north. Though it could not tell a navigator where he was, it could help guide them through fog or darkness.

III. Directions

Maps are drawings of bodies of land and water and can also show where key physical features are. Maps use a scale to show how the distance on the map relates to the actual distance on the Earth. A nautical charts map the ocean and show features such as rocky shores and safe ports. Navigational charts are maps that show where winds blow and ocean currents flow.Map makers added new information they got from sailors and explorers. Before Columbus sailed, they did not know how wide the Atlantic Ocean was. Some maps even had blank spots because they were unexplored and drawings of imaginary monsters like sea dragons or serpents.

IV. Maps


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