Ewing's Sarcoma

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by gabylaverde
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
10

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Ewing's Sarcoma

Ewing's Sarcoma

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:Most signs orsymptoms are known to be constant pain in leg or arm, fever, weightloss, and also firm lumps in the affected area.

DIAGNOSIS:Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy

ETIOLOGY:The cause of Ewing's Sarcoma is unknown, much like ostesarcoma, the development may be related in some way to periods of rapid bone growth, which further explains why it is most commonly found and diagnosed in children due to rapid periods of bone growth throughout those ages.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY:This tumor undergoes necrosis and perivascular distribution. The tumor itself is made up of primitive cells which are cells that haven't yet decided what type of cell they are and appear blue to the pathologist due to the stain used when identifying cancer cells

DESCRIPTION: Ewing's Sarcoma is a rare type of bone cancer that grows in the bone or in soft tissue, most likely found in children or adolescents. It is a malignant, small, round, blue cell tumor that is commonly found in the pelvis, humerus, femur, ribs, and clavicle bone in the body.

PREVENTION:There are no hereditary or environmental factors that cause Ewing's Sarcoma. It is thought that abnormalities within the cells genes may trigger the cells to become malignant, also called chromosome translocations.

Watch this video to learn more about Ewing's Sarcoma!

TREATMENT:Treatment varies depending on the size of the tumor and also on whether the tumor has invaded the surrounding tissue. Usually the treatment involves surgery which would remove the tumor mass, following with chemotherapy and radiation to kill the cancer cells. Sometimes amputation of the diseased limb is done at last resort to prevent spreading to the rest of the body.


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