Evolution: Misunderstandings and Facts

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by WanderingQuill
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Evolutionary Biology
Grade:
6,7

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Evolution: Misunderstandings and Facts

Natural selection is a part of evolution because natural selection results in evolutionary change.3Example: Oldfield Mice

Evolution: Misunderstandings and Facts

Mice on light soils of Santa Rosa Island have light fur. Mice on dark soils of the mainland have dark fur.The gene for light fur is found only on Santa Rosa Island.3

What do you think of when you hear the word "Evolution"?

Does the Bible have to be interpreted as "young earth?"

Misunderstanding 4: Natural Selection is not a part of evolution

Definition: changes of genetic frequency in a population that allows the population to diversify. 1,2

What is Evolution?

Scientists actually are in agreement that evolution takes place. The details on how this happens are still under investigation. 4Science changes as new evidence presents itself. 5

Misunderstanding 1: Scientists do not agree with each other 1

Evolution helps us to understand how diseases develop and affect us. 6,7Evolution complements other sciences to solve medical problems.7

Evolution is at the population level, not the individual level. 3Needed Traits do not spontaneously mutate and disused traits do not spontaneously disappear. 3Traits are passed through reproductive cells. 9Individuals who successfully reproduce pass their genetics to the next generation. The population loses the genetics of the individuals who do not reproduce.

Misunderstanding 3: Studying Evolution does not lead to new understandings for humanity 11

Example: Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria.8

Misunderstanding 2: Individuals Evolve 12

1. McComas, W. F. (1997). The discovery & nature of evolution by natural selection: misconceptions and lessons from the history of science. The American Biology Teacher, 59(8), 492-500.2. Anderson, P. (n.d.) Five fingers of evolution. TED-Ed. Retrieved from http://ed.ted.com/lessons/five-fingers-of-evolution3. Kalinowski, S. T., Leonard, M. J., & Andrews, T. M. (2010). Nothing in evolution makes sense except in the light of DNA. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 9, 87-97. doi:10.1187/cbe.09-12-00884. Ayala, F. J. (2008). Science, evolution, and creationism. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(1), 3-4. 5. Williams, J. D. (2009). Belief versus acceptance: why do people not believe in evolution? BioEssays, 31, 1255-1262. doi:10.1002/bies.2009000826. Smith, J. J., Baum, D. A., & Moore, A. (2009). The need ofr molecular genetic perspectives in evolutionary education (and vice versa). Trends in Genetics, 25(10), 427-429. doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2009.09.0017. Stearns, S. C. (2012). Evolutionary medicine: its scope, interest and potential. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279, 4305-4321. 8. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009, June 30). Antibiotic resistance questions & answers. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/antibiotic-use/antibiotic-resistance-faqs.html#e9. Kutschera, U. & Niklas, K. J. (2004). The modern theory of biological evolution: an expanded synthesis. Naturwissenschaften, 91, 255-276. doi:10.1007/s00114-004-0515-y10. Hoekstra, H. E. (2010). From Darwin to DNA: the genegic basis of color adaptations. In the light of evolution: Essays from the laboratory and field. J. Losos (Ed.). Roberts and Company Publishers. Retrieved from http://www.echomedicalmedia.com/BRC_Losos_HoekstraAd.pdf11. Batten, D. (n.d.). 15 questions for evolutionists. Retrieved from http://creation.com/15-questions12. Van Dijk, E. M., & Reydon, T. A. C. (2010). A conceptual analysis of evolutionary theory for teacher education. Science & Education, 19, 655-677. doi:10.1007/s11191-009-9190-x

References

Video Citation: InspiringPhilosophy. (2012, July 17). Christianity vs Evolution. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yf5ovSpS2GU


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