European Wars for North American Dominace

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by 19mlang
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
8

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European Wars for North American Dominace

1689

Queen Anne's War

1783

King William's War

1689 - 1697

King William's War was the first of many wars for dominance over North America. The war began with an attack on English settlements led by the French and Indian allies. The colonists then faught back by sending a successful fleet to capture Port Royal. Later, the colonists tried again by planning a land and sea attack on Quebec, but the attack failed and the colonists turned back. The war ended with the Treaty of Ryswick, which returned Port Royal to the French.

1702-1713

Queen Anne's War was the second of the four wars in North America. This series of battles started when the British failed at attacking St. Augustine, Florida, which was controlled by Frances ally, Spain. Canadian French and their Native allies went to Deerfield, MA, killling about 50 and capturing over 100 of the British. The British faught back by going to Acadia in both 1704 and 1707; both of which failed. Finally, the British recaptured Port Royal and named it Annapolis Royal. The war ended with a settlement called Peace of Utrecht.

King George's War was faught between the English and the French in Eastern Canada. The first event was a failed attack on Port Royal by the French. Then, the British started a two month long attack on Louisbourg, which was a strongly armed French fort. An army of 4,000 "besieged" Louisbourg, while a British fleet blockaded it. The fort surrendered in 1745. The French tried to take back Fort Louisbourg in 1746 and 1747, but failed. Under the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle in 1748, England gave the fort back to the French in exchange for the return of Madras in India.

1744 - 1748

The War of Jenkins Ear was a naval war between the British and Spain. It all started when the British treid to smuggle goods into the Spanish American colonies. Robert Jenkins (captain of one of the ships) was captured by a spanish coast guard ship and had his ear cut off. The British government forced the leader, sir Robert Walpole, to declare a war that was greatly unwanted by Walpole himself. The war was hard and pointless. Neither side gained anything substantial.

The War of Jenkin's Ear

1739 - 1743

The Battle of Quebec was a small battle that took place on September 13, 1759. The seige was said to last 3 months, but the actual fight probably lasted around 15 minutes. The British managed to defeat the French when they climbed over the cliffs of Quebec and killed many important people.

Battle of Quebec

September 13, 1759

The Battle of Bloody Run was a part of Pontiac's Rebellion. It took place on July 31, 1763. 250 British troops attempted to make a surprise attack on Pontiac's Fort Detroit. Thanks to Pontiac's French allies, they were prepared for the incoming Brits. Pontiac and his tribe ended up winning the battle. It is called the Battle of Bloody Run because after the brief battle, the river nearby was said to run red with the blood from the fallen troops

King George's War

Battle of Bloody Run

July 31, 1763

The French and Indian War was a series of wars that lasted from 1689 - 1763. It is also called the 7 years war. This massive war included countries like Austria, England, France, Great Brittain, Prussia, and Sweden. Some of the main wars were King William's War, Queen Anne's War, The War of Jenkins Ear, and King Georges war. There were many other small battles, too. Most of the conflict happened in Europe, India, and North America. These brutal, yet important wars defined North American dominance.

The French and Indian War

1689 - 1763

Treaty of Paris

September 3, 1783

The Treaty of Paris was a very important document. On September 3, 1783, King George III and people from the US goverment went to Paris to sign the document that ended the American Revolutionary War.

European Wars for North American Dominance


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