European union

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by mihaela123
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history

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European union

EUROPEAN UNION

The European Union (EU ) is a unique intergovernmental and supranational community of European states, created as a result of a process of cooperation and integration started in 1951 between the six countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands).

The European Union was formally established on 1 November 1993, with the entry into force of the Treaty on European Union (known as the Maastricht Treaty) The European Union now has 28 member states. It stretches over 4,381,324 km2, with a population of around 508 million inhabitants.

FLAG OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

MEMBER STATES

INSTITUTIONS

The European Union has a very complex system of institutions. According to Article 13 of the Treaty on European Union, the EU institutions are: The European Parliament,The European Council,The Council, The European Commission,Court of Justice of the European Union,The European Central Bank,Court of Auditors.

The European Union from 1 July 2013, has 28 member countries:Austria, Belgium,Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,Estonia,Finland, France, Greece, Croatia, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania,  Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.

Candidate countries:  Albania, Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey, Iceland (freeze negotiations).Potential candidate countries:  Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo.

BY: Mihaela Stuparić, 1.b


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