European Impact on the Australian Landscape

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by walter1234567890
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
9

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European Impact on the Australian Landscape

Some of the animals that were introduced to Australia on the first fleet were chickens, hogs, rabbits, horses, cows, sheep, turkeys, geese, ducks, goats, pigeons, dogs and cats.There were also a large number of plants on the first fleet, including prickly pears, spanish reeds, coffee, cocoa, cotton, bananas, oranges, lemons, rose, figs, bamboo, sugar cane, vines, apples, pears, strawberries, oats, rice, wheat and barley.

Farming

In 1996, a State of the Environment report stated that since 1788, 40% of forests, 75% of rainforests and 905 of woodlands in Australia have been cleared

Very few convicts knew how to farm and the soil around Sydney Cove was poor. Instead of Cook's lush pastures, well watered and fertile ground, suitable for growing all types of foods and providing grazing for cattle, they found a hot, dry, unfertile country unsuitable for the small farming necessary to make the settlement self-sufficient.

Discovering Australia

Whaling

Whaling in Australia took place from colonisation in 1788. Whale and sealing stations were established across the coastline of south-eastern Australia, including Tasmania. Whale and seal products (oil, bones and furs) were high in demand in Europe and America.

European impact on the Australian landscape

Introduced Species

Captain James Cook discovered Australia on the 6th of May, 1770. When he and his crew saw the land from the ship they noticed large amounts of plants and trees, naming the land Botany Bay. When the expedition attempted to land, they were chased by natives and so they went to another part of the land.

Aboriginal and British

Deforestation

The Indigenous peoples generally resisted the settlement of their land, but they had little resistance against the guns of the British settlers.


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