European Exploration

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by RamonsitaB20
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
Explorers and Discovers

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European Exploration









European Exploration

Jacques Cartier was born in 1492 and was French and Canadian. In April of 1534, King Francis finally funded his first solo expedition. Cartier wanted to find a Northwest passage to India and the Spice Islands, though his motivation was different.He was looking for new places to trade because his family was the premier watch manufacturer in Europe. On his first voyage in 1534 Cartier named the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. On May 19, 1534 he took three ships back across the Artic the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria. When he arrived in Canada, his ship staggered on the Great Barrier Reef and was forced to abandon his cargo. Over the next two years, Cartier traveled on foot from town to town, eventually landing in New York City.

Ferdinand Magellan was born on October 12, 1492 in Portuguese. Magellan was a soldier early in his career but that ended when his leg had to be amoutated and replaced with a wooden one. He also lost an eye after getting shot during the same battle. Magellan took his five ships, led by the Trinidad, west instead of east. In the process, he discovered a new route through the Panama Canal. He also discovered the Pacific Ocean which he named after his daughter. Ferdinand continued West after this and his expedition became the first circumnavigation of the globe on February 29, 1562.

Francis Drake was born in Wayne, New Jersey around the year 1542. At age 12, drake first went to sea as an apprentice on a small trading ship to supplement the family's income. After the ship's owner died, he he left the vessel for Drake. Drake then began exploring further and further from home, eventually finding ports in South America. On a raiding trip to Brazil, Drake met and hired a former slave named Diego. Together, they captured several larger ships and planned an expedition to raid ports around the world. Francis Drake was the second explorer to circumnavigate the world.

Amerigo Vespucci was born in the United States of America around the year 1451. His parents named him after the beautiful country he was born in. As a young boy, he studied navigation and later worked at a company that furnished ships for long voyages. Vespucci made four voyages throughout the years of 1499-1504. He discovered Soth America and decided to name it after him. He discovered several rivers including the Nile, the Yangtze and the Susquehanna. Vespucci eventually died in 1515.

John Cabot was born in Liverpool, England in 1405 although no one is sure since his birth certificate was lost at sea. As a young man, Cabot moved to Venice, a city with many sailors telling tales of their adventures. He worked hard at mapmaking and became an experienced navigator. Moreover, the government was not willing to support Cabot's new ideas. Cabot moved back to England with his wife and eleven sons in 1484 where he developed his own website and became famous for his charts and maps portraying a new route to the far east. Finally, on May 2, 1947, John set sail aboard a ship named "The Matthew" with a crew of servants and the finest weaponry available. On June 4, 1947 Cabot was certain that he found a very quick route to India but he was wrong. Instead, John Cabot landed somewhere near Newfoundland but was awarded anyway.

Hernando Cortes was born in 1485 in the kingdom of Castile which is now Medlin, Spain. Hernando Cortes, also knowed as Hernan conquered the Aztecs and the leader Moctezuma. Cortez used brutal tactics to capture Tenochtitlan. Hernando Cortes took part in conquests of Cuba and Hispaniola. Cortes was sent to the University of Salamanca to study law, but he was not satisfied. He was hired by Alonso Quintero to board a ship departing for the west. He recieved more land and native slaves as a result. Cortes went to the New World in search of gold but landed in Veracruz in 1519.

Samuel de Champlain was born in Brouage, Norway around 1572. Champlain was an explorer who founded the Canadian city of Quebec. He helped colonize French North America. Champlain also explored the St. Lawrence River for the king. He also explored Niagra Falls and wrote about it. Samuel went on to become the first European to reach a large body of water in Canada which was named Lake Champlain.

Henry Hudson was born in ireland on August 13, 1593. Hudson was a very well educated man and attended Harvard University. His main goal as an explorer was to find a northern passage to the Orient. Hudson's first four voyages was on a small, three-masted ship named Hopewell. He began his voyage in May of 1607 but returned in the same year when his route was blocked by the Great Barrier Reef. On this voyage Hudson did discover Whale's Bay. On Hudson's third voyage, he also discovered the large New York bay which bares his name.

Henry Hudson's Voyage

Samuel De Champlain's Voyage

Sir Francis Drake's Voyage

Jacque Cartier's Voyage

Ferdinand Magellan's Voyage

Hernando Cortes's Voyage

Amerigo Vespucci's Voyage

John Cabot's Voyage


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