[2015] Caleb Coyle (4Science): Eukaryotic Cell

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Cell Biology

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[2015] Caleb Coyle (4Science): Eukaryotic Cell

The Main Parts of a Plant CellThe main parts of a plant cell are the nucleus, the nuclear envelope, the nucleolus, the cell membrane, the cytoplasm, the mitochondria, the rough endoplasmic reticulum (rough ER), the smooth endoplasmic reticulum (smooth ER), the ribosomes, the Golgi body, the microtubules, and the chromosomes. The nucleus is the control center of the cell, and it tells the cell what to do. The nuclear envelope controls what goes in and out the nucleus. The nucleolus creates ribosomes. The cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell. The cytoplasm is a gel-like structure that separates all the organelles from each other. The mitochondria creates energy for the cell. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transports proteins to other parts of the cell. The ribosomes create proteins for the cell. The Golgi body packages and distributes proteins to other parts of the cell. The microtubules support the cell. The chromosomes carry the genetic code for the cell.

Plant CellHave you ever wondered what a plant is made of, or how it is still alive and well? The answer is because of cells! Cells are the basic building blocks of all living things. Humans, animals, and plants are made of cells. However, plant cells are a little different from an animal cell. Plant cells have chloroplasts, cell walls, and a central vacuole, but animal cells do not have those organelles. Also, plant cells can make ATP, or food for the cell, and animal cells can not.

Types of CellsThere are two types of cells. They are prokaryotic cells, which are cells that do not contain a nucleus, such as bacteria, and eukaryotic cells, which are cells that contain a nucleus. However, there are two types of eukaryotic cells, which are animal and plant cells. Animal cells are cells that make up humans and other animals. Plant cells are cells that make up plants. Animal cells are a little different from plant cells, because animal cells do not have cell walls, chloroplasts, or central vacuoles, where as plant cells consist of all of those organelles.

The image above is a photo of a venus flytrap.

Chloroplast- A round structure where photosynthesis occurs.Cell Wall- A rough, box-like structure surrounding the entire cell to serve as protecection and support.Central Vacuole- A big, blob-like, bubble structure that serves as storage in the cell.

This photo shows a Venus flytrap plant consuming its prey.

By Caleb Coyle



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