Ernest Rutherford

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by 19dkelly
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
Grade:
8

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Ernest Rutherford

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Ernest Rutherford

Rutherford's contributions to a view of the atomic structure

Area of science Rutherford studied

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Rutherford's birth and death

Countries Rutherford lived/worked in

-Grew up in Spring Grove on the South Island of New Zealand 1898- he went to Canada to take the post as the Macdonald Chair of Physics at McGill University1907- went to England for the position of the Langworthy Professor of Physics in the University of Manchester

1908- received the Nobel prize in chemistry 1931- became a peer,given the name 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson-earned his Bachelor of Science in one year by researching the ability of high-frequency electrical discharge to magnetize iron

Discovered two types of radiation- alpha and beta. Alpha- the same as the nucleus of a helium atomBeta- a fast moving electron Disintegration theory of radioactivity (intoduced by Rutherford and Frederick Soddy)- radioactive energy was emitted from within an atom and that when alpha and beta particles were emitted at the same time, they caused a chemical change across elements1907- he also discovered that nearly the total mass of an atom is concentrated in a nucleus

-Rutherford was a physicist, working in the scientific study of matter and motion -Specificly, he studied radiation-Further examined Marie Currie's work on radioactivity-Futher examined Heinrich Hertz's work of detecting radio waves-Futher examined X-rays (in a study with Professor J.J. Thomson), discovered recently by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

-Born on August 30, 1871 in Spring Grove on the South Island of New Zealand -Died on October 19, 1937 in Cambridge, England

Works Cited

"Ernest Rutherford - Biographical." Ernest Rutherford - Biographical. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2015. The New Book of Knowledge. Danbury, CT: Scholastic Library Pub., 2005. Print.Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 01 June 2015

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