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by CB2017
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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Eritrea is located in North East Africa. It is bordered by Sudan to the north and west, Ethiopia to the south, Djibouti to the south-east and the Red Sea to the north and north-east. It is shaped like a funnel and has many mountains. There is a population of about 6 million people and its capital is Asmara

Eritrea was part of the first Ethiopian kingdom of Aksum until it's decline. It then came under control of the Ottoman Empire, and later under the Egyptian's control. In 1885, the Italians captured the coastal areas and Italy gained power over part of Eritrea. In 1941, the British captured Eritrea and made it a UN Trust Territory until Eritrea combinded with Ethiopia. Eritrea was made an Ethiopian province on November 14, 1962. A civil war broke out against the Ethipoian government which was led by rebels who wanted independence for Eritrea. Eritrea gained it's independence on May 24, 1993 from Ethiopia.




Eritrea has many different languages, but the two main languages are Tigrinya and Arabic. It's government is a democracy and it's economy is dependant on mainly agricultural production. Eritrea is one of the poorest countries in Africa due to many years of war but the Eritreans are determined to rebuild the country.

Life in Eritrea today

Year Value

2002 77.95%2010 89.33%

Literacy Rate- people ages 15-24

The Hawksbill Turtle is a small-medium sized turtle compared to other sea turtles, and weighs about the average weight of a turtle; 100-150 lbs. They are critically endangered and have a high risk of extinction. The Hawksbill Turtle is hunted for it's flesh which is considered good to eat.

Hawksbill Turtle

The African Pale Fox is given it's name because of it's color. It's pale color allows them to blend in with the sand. There is an unkown amount of them left in Africa. Farmers hunt the Pale Fox when it kills fowls or steals eggs. They can be found for sale in North America for exotic pet trade but aren't reccomended as pets. They are not easily tamed and don't do well in zoos.

African Pale Fox

Angelfish are tropical fish and are known for the beauty of their colors. They are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. Angel Fish can be anywhere from two inches to two feet in length depending on the species. In some areas they are eaten by humans. They are popular aquarium fish.

Angel Fish

Fun Fact

Eritrean girls are traditionally brought up to perform household tasks but the boys may help out also. Eritreans prefer their children to date and marry another Eritrean because they feel that they will better understand each other's culture.


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