Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development

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by ack01147
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Social Studies

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Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development

Play age3 - 5 years old

Early Childhood1/2 - 3 years old

Young Adult18 - 40 years old

Infancy0 - 1/2 years old

Adolesence12 - 18 years old

School age5 - 12 years old

"I don't know what I want to be when I grow up" = role confusion

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development

Maturity65+ years old

Basic Trust Vs. MistrustCaregivers provide children with basic needs (food, comfort, affection, dependability) to make them feel safe, secure, and well cared-for.

Inabliility to develop trust can lead to mistrust of others later in life

Autonomy Vs. Shame & DoubtChildren develop motor abilities and begin to explore the world around them. They're able to start satisfying some of their own needs (dressing, eating, using the bathroom)

Caregivers should encourage self-sufficient behavior so the child can develop confidence.

Identity Vs. Role ConfusionThe child is learning about their role in society, and trying to find out exactly who they are as a person.

Intimacy Vs. IsolationOne begins to explore their personal relationships and establishes lasting commitments

Initiative Vs. GuiltChildren begin to explore their creativity (making up games, using their imaginations, asking questions)

The conscience becomes "real" in this stage.

Industry Vs. InferiorityChildren learn reading and writing skills, and establish a place among their peers.

A strong sense of identity = strong relationships!

Adulthood40 - 65 years old

Hungry for more info?Evans and colleagues delve deep into the mind of Erikson and apply these concepts to college students in their work, Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Generativity Vs. StagnationAttention is devoted to one's professional life and close loved ones (children and families)

Feeling needed leads to productive life activities

Ego Integrity Vs. DespairThe reality of inevitable death becomes prominent; adults reflect on their lives (choices, accomplishments, and failures)

Few regrets = integrity and happiness

Encouragement from adults and peers is essential for children to feel a sense of competency.

Erik EriksonDevelopmental Psychologist1902-1994

Development occurs across an entire lifespan!

Amy GaffneyLouisiana State University


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