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Health & Fitness

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IDEA and Epilepsy



What is epliepsy?


Epilepsy is classified under other health impariments by the IDEA act. If a student's epilepsy negatively affects his or her education, then the student is protected by IDEA (2).

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder involving misfiring of neurons in the brain. There are approximately 150,000 new cases of epilepsy in the U.S. each year, with an estimated 2.2 million people currently living with epilepsy. The rates of incidence are higer in young children around age 1 (1).

The causes of eplipesy fall into 2 groups: brain injury and chemical imbalance. However, over half of epliepsy cases have no identified causes. Genetics can also make inviduals predisposed to epliepsy. Children with one parent with epliepsy can be up to 25% more likely to also suffer from epliepsy (3).

Click for "An Advocate's Manual" for comprehenisve information on the legal rights of students with epilepsy schools.

*Focal or generalized seizures*Temporary confusion*Starring spells and loss of attention*Loss of conciousness*Lethargy*Dizziness*Repeptitive motion*Muscle stiffening or jerking*Depression and/or anxiety*Problems with learning or memory (3)

Click my brain for more information...

Assistive Technology and Related Services

Caused by epilepsy directly:Siezures lead to missed information, impaired memory, post-siezure confusion and sleepiness. Abnormal brain structures can cause temporary changes in alterness and processing speed (4,5).

Caused by treaments: Many side effects of epilepsy medication can affect a student's ability to learn. Side effects include: *dizziness*blurred vision*drowsiness*anxiety*behavioral changes (4,5)Click the image below for more information

Educational Implications

The Epilepsy Foundation of Michigan has great resources for educating parents and teachers on the supports that may be required for students with epilepsy. Click the image for more information.

(1) Fisher, R., & Saul, M. (2015). Stanford Epilepsy Center. Retrieved July 6, 2015, from http://neurology.stanford.edu/epilepsy/patientcare/videos/e_05.html(2)IDEA - Building The Legacy of IDEA 2004 (IDEA - Building The Legacy of IDEA 2004)http://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/,root,regs,300,A,300%252E8,c,(3)Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014, November 22). Epilepsy. Retrieved July 6, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epilepsy/symptoms-causes/dxc-2(4) Sirven, J., & Shafer, P. (2014). Your Child at School and Child Care. Retrieved July 6, 2015, from http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/seizures-youth/about-kids/your-child-school-and-child-care(5) Grice, Kara. (2002). Eligibility under IDEA for Other Health Impaired Children. School Law Bulletin, 33(3), 7-12.

Assistive Technology: *Flicker-free monitors*Picture Exchange *Communication *Monitor glare guardsServices:*Administration of medication*First aid training *Dietary requirements*Test accomodations (4,5)



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