Environmental Biology of Pakistan vs. U.S. (by xcrunr)

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Environmental Biology of Pakistan vs. U.S. (by xcrunr)

The Environmental Biology of Pakistan and the United States

Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Champaign, Illinois, USA

Ikrak, Rizvana. Personal Interview. 30 November 2009 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahore, Wikipedia, Lahore

By: Devin Lyons and Rizvana Ikrak Parkland College BIO 104

References

General Information

Lahore is in the plains with deserts to the East and mountains such as K2 to the west. Most of the year it is hot and humid, with about a three month dry winter that is rather pleasant in comparison to Illinois' winters. It is also a relief after the 9 months of 110 degree weather and 2 month rainy season during summer. The weather is perfect for some of the things that are grown in Pakistan making it a very agricultural country. Because of the climate, India and Pakistan have the best basmeti rice. In the US we have tried to grow it, but it doesn't have the right aroma; an important part since 'bas' meaning aroma is in the name. They eat mostly wheat things such as bread and rice with curry. Many things are grown there such as wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, maize, as well as some fruits. Tractors are used to aid in farming due to the large quantities of food.

Cities, Waste & Air

Energy

Illinois is in what is known as the Great Plains between the Appalacian and rock mountain ranges. It suffers hot humid summers sometimes reaching into the hundereds, as well as cold blustery winters that fall well below zero. Precipitation falls consistently year round. As with Pakistan, our climate is condusive to agriculture and growing large quantities of food using tractors, combines, and other machinery to help.

The population of the US is over 308 million and growing even though the average household only has 2.1 kids. The population of Champaign is around 76,000. We are making a good effort to reduce pollution because there is alot more awareness of it both in waste disposal, and air pollutants. Our cars and buses have less and less harmful emissions and more people are using out wonderful public transportation.

Electricity isn't even a thought in the United States. People are wasting it without even realizing it because it is so readily available. Our power is expensive, but not in comparison with other countries because it comes from many different sources. We burn coal, use nuclea reactors, hydropower, windpower, the list goes on. Unlike other parts of the world our cars only run on petrolium gasoline, or deisel. It is just another way the man puts us down.

Everyone has the ability to get electricity, but it get shut off on occasion during the long summers in what is called load shedding. There is too much demand for power for the growing population, but not enough supply to keep up, so power gets shut off for a few hours to conserve it. As you may guess, because of the demand for electricity there it is pretty expensive per unit. Electricty is generated using hydropower however, there is a dam shortage. If another was built it would really help the country. One interesting thing I learned was that the cars there can run off of natural gas. There is a higher supply, so it is a cheaper source of fuel than the expensive petrol. The cars have two tanks, the normal one for petrolium gasoline, and another one for natural gas, and these can be switched back and forth for whichever you want to use.

The estimated population of Pakistan is 180,800,000 making it the world's 6th most populated country. The government tried to stop the growth because there is already poverty, but the child birth prevention failed. The typical family has 3-4 kids. The population of Lahore is approximately 10 million and growing due to urban sprawl. In Lahore, the downtown area is in the oldest part of town, as is normal however, unlike other places it has a wall around it. Some historians believe Lahore to be 4000 years old. The walls and 7 gates surrounding the old city still stand from the ancient fort that had served as the capital for many empires. The current walls were built in the 11th century on top of the ruins of an older wall. Now all the walls do is surround old residential areas, historic places, and wholesale markets. This area, though squished, thrives despite the conjestion. Most of the commercial area are moving outward from the city, following the urban sprawl. All those people means that there is alot of pollution from all the cars as well as from industries, which leads to increased repiration problems and asthma. Unfortunately there is no recycling system so everything is just taken to a dump. This is due to a lack of money necessary to raise awareness. In some areas the people are so poor that they can't afford garbage bags so they just leave their trash out by the street. Most families own their own car so that is the main source of transportation which is the cause of all the pollution. There is public transportation but it is developing and isn't as good as what we have here. It is privately owned so it isn't as efficient. Three-wheelers, motorbikes, scooters, and mopeds are becomeing more popular due to their economic appeal but due to the size of the city, cars are a necessity. Horse-drawn carriages and donkey carts can still be see around town though, especially in the inner city.

Dominant Ecosystems Weather Food

Population History Pollution Waste Disposal Transportation

Electricity Where it comes from Vehicles


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